nov 22 - Week 14: Structures of Labor Market...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Week 14: Structures of Labor Market Opportunities (Cont’d) November 22, 2010 The Wage Penalty for Motherhood • Findings from recent studies… o A wage penalty for motherhood has been found in the U.S., in the U.K., and in Germany o Men’s wages are unaffected by being parents • Why would motherhood affect an employed woman’s wages? o Discussion: Dedication to kids over job Not being productive Flexibilities o 5 Explanations Mothers lose job experience Mothers trade off higher wages for “mother ­friendly” jobs Mothers are less productive at work Employers discriminate against mothers Spurious correlation • Mothers trade off higher wages for “mother ­friendly” jobs o Drawing from human capitals theory, mothers may choose jobs that require less energy or that have parent ­friendly characteristics • Mothers are less productive o Also drawing from human capital theory Tired from home Lose days from work due to obligations to children May be “storing” energy for anticipated work at home • Employers discriminate against mothers o Two possible types of discrimination “distasteful” to hire mothers statistical discrimination • So, what factors matter? o Difference in previous work experience & seniority explain 1/3 of difference in earnings o 2/3 cannot be explained by human capital, mother ­friendly jobs • Correll, Bernard & Paik: Is there a motherhood penalty? o Results: Judged less competent; less committed Allowed fewer late days Less likely promoted; or recommended for hire ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 12/12/2010 for the course SOCIOLOGY 81846 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online