{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

ILROB 1220 Unit 3 Lecture Notes

ILROB 1220 Unit 3 Lecture Notes - Norms I What are norms...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Norms I What are norms? - Rules that informally define appropriate and inappropriate values, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors Awareness of Norms - Violations: o Norms are most keenly sensed/identifiable when violated o Norms enforced through a range of social sanctions o Norm violations are not necessarily always sanctioned - Can be implicit or explicit o Implicit norms can be transmitted simply by enactment - Most are not aware of the many norms governing their behavior o Going into a setting with different norms Norms and Conformity - Conformity: pressure in groups to behave similarly - Social Norms: o Function in even undefined/ambiguous groups o Function due to the pressure to observe rules Universal Compliance? - Simply having a norm does not mean people will follow it - Norms must be salient Spillovers in Non-Compliance - People were almost twice as likely to litter in an alley that was full of graffiti than a clean one - Also twice as likely to steal and envelope full of money from a mailbox with graffiti on it Norms of Non-Compliance? - Gambling in Elm Hollow o Members of community nearly unanimous in their support of church’s restrictions on gambling, smoking, and drinking o Yet, author often gambled, drank, and smoked in privacy of people’s homes - Private behaviors did NOT reflect public norm Pluralistic Ignorance - Definition: Individuals make systematic errors in their perceptions of the behaviors of other members of a collective and their relation to those members - As a result: people infer a norm that is not actually practiced, but the norm affects their behavior o No one actually believes/behaves that way, but everyone thinks everyone else does Consequences of Pluralistic Ignorance - Mistaken feelings of alienation and deviance o Gamblers felt estranged from the town without knowing they were actually typical
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o Students who felt deviant because of views on alcohol were less likely to attend reunion o Male students conformed more to misperceived norm by drinking more Social Norm: Reciprocity - Quid pro quo: if I give something to you or help you, then you are obliged to return the favor - Examples: o Group projects o Readings o Personal experience - Why is it important? o When the norm is violated, people will incur costs upon themselves in order to punish or sanction the violator Social Norm: Obedience - Purpose of experiment: how far would people go in obeying an instruction if it harmed another person - Milgram interested to see how easily ordinary people could be influenced into committing atrocities - Seeing another participant refuse did NOT significantly alter obedience Norms II What are norms? - Rules - “regular behavior patterns that are relatively stable within a group” What ARENT norms? - Rules governing behavior that aren’t socially derived Gender norms - Pervasive and permeating - Affects everyday interactions - Keenly felt effects within organizations too Why do we have norms?
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}