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Unformatted text preview: Unit 3 Prelim Review Sheet Norms Reciprocity- quid pro quo- Type of societal norm where if I give something to your or help you, then you are obligated to return the favor- When norm is violated, people will incur costs upon themselves in order to punish or sanction the violator Obedience- Exemplified in Milgrams experiment - See how ordinary people can be motivated by authority figure to complete action - Seeing another participant refuse did not significantly alter obedience Gender Norms- Affects everyday interactions - Leads to male privilege: idea of male domination - Men seem to be more subject to norm violations regarding sexuality Sanctions - Norms cannot exist without sanctions, but all norm violations do not have to be sanctioned at all times- Can be subtle or explicit - If norm violation goes unsanctioned long enough, becomes new norm - Can be used to set the boundaries of a group by viewing the deviant behavior and resulting consequences of another member Pluralistic Ignorance - What happens when people perceive a norm exists but it does not- As a result people perceive a norm that doesnt exist, but it affects their behavior - No one actually believes/behaves that way, but everyone thinks everyone does - Consequence: mistaken feeling of alienation and deviance - NOT the same as Groupthink; Groupthink happens in a group as a result of conformity, P. Ignorance happens anywhere as a result of complying to norms o Similarity: think everyone is following a rule that doesnt exist, but theyre not Idiosyncrasy credits - Credits that are obtained by person contributing to group goals- Are often obtained by leaders, people in position of power - In emergent leadership, informal leader gains idiosyncrasy credits during orientation, then becomes formal leader once he obtains the most - Can definitely run out of them and go negative Organizational Culture Socialization - Process by which a new org member learns and internalizes org culture - Not just learning it, but internalizing it and making it a part of you Rituals- Particular activity and ways of doing things that contribute to socialization, the maintenance of an orgs culture, - reveals underlying assumptions - Things youre supposed to do in an org - Makes significant use of specialized rules Myths - Legends, morality tales serving a similar purpose as rituals- conveys and preserves - Part of the founding of an org-> helps establish early culture...
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2010 for the course ILROB 1220 taught by Professor Goncaloj during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).
- Fall '07