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ILROB 1220 Prelim 3 Review Sheet

ILROB 1220 Prelim 3 Review Sheet - Unit 3 Prelim Review...

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Unit 3 Prelim Review Sheet Norms Reciprocity - “quid pro quo” - Type of societal norm where if I give something to your or help you, then you are obligated to return the favor - When norm is violated, people will incur costs upon themselves in order to punish or sanction the violator Obedience - Exemplified in Milgram’s experiment - See how ordinary people can be motivated by authority figure to complete action - Seeing another participant refuse did not significantly alter obedience Gender Norms - Affects everyday interactions - Leads to male privilege: idea of male domination - Men seem to be more subject to norm violations regarding sexuality Sanctions - Norms cannot exist without sanctions, but all norm violations do not have to be sanctioned at all times - Can be subtle or explicit - If norm violation goes unsanctioned long enough, becomes new norm - Can be used to set the boundaries of a group by viewing the deviant behavior and resulting consequences of another member Pluralistic Ignorance - What happens when people perceive a norm exists but it does not - As a result people perceive a norm that doesn’t exist, but it affects their behavior - No one actually believes/behaves that way, but everyone thinks everyone does - Consequence: mistaken feeling of alienation and deviance - NOT the same as Groupthink; Groupthink happens in a group as a result of conformity, P. Ignorance happens anywhere as a result of complying to norms o Similarity: think everyone is following a rule that doesn’t exist, but they’re not Idiosyncrasy credits - Credits that are obtained by person contributing to group goals - Are often obtained by leaders, people in position of power - In emergent leadership, informal leader gains idiosyncrasy credits during orientation, then becomes formal leader once he obtains the most - Can definitely run out of them and go negative Organizational Culture Socialization - Process by which a new org member learns and internalizes org culture - Not just learning it, but internalizing it and making it a part of you Rituals - Particular activity and ways of doing things that contribute to socialization, the maintenance of an org’s culture,
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- reveals underlying assumptions - Things you’re supposed to do in an org - Makes significant use of specialized rules Myths - Legends, morality tales serving a similar purpose as rituals- conveys and preserves -
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ILROB 1220 Prelim 3 Review Sheet - Unit 3 Prelim Review...

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