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GOVT 1111 Final 1 Topic 1 Outline

GOVT 1111 Final 1 Topic 1 Outline - Government Final Exam...

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Government Final Exam Excerpts taken from We the People By Benjamin Ginsberg, Theodore J. Lowi and Margaret Weir Essay Question 1 Who Governs? I. Introduction Possible Theses: In the United States, the three main political institutions—the Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches—govern the country through the creation, implementation and review of laws. However, throughout the policy making process, the institutions are heavily influenced by the pressure from external, political forces that ultimately shape the product of the policy making process. Despite the fact that the United States federal government has a multiplicity of institutions that all contribute to the country’s governance, in reality all institutions answer to the authority of the Executive Branch, most notably the office of the President. Government: institutions and procedures through which a territory is ruled. II. The President The president has many governing powers: o Military powers (as Commander in Chief) Power to send troops abroad Expanded under War Powers Act of 1973 (gives the President “unofficial” power to declare war) o Judicial powers Power to pardon o Diplomatic Power (as Head of State) Power to make executive agreements o Executive Power Appoint federal officials, federal judges. Also Chief Executive. o Legislative Power Power to veto; legislative initiative; executive powers. Power to make agencies in the Executive Branch. The agencies, ultimately, implement congressional legislation. The President has the power of regulatory review : whenever Congress enacts a statue, its actual implementation requires hundreds of rules by the agency charged Julio likes penis.
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with the administration. The president can direct agencies to enact legislation in a specific way. The president can make executive orders . o Louisiana Purchase; annexation of Texas; Emancipation Proclamation. III. Congress Congress, however, makes the law of the land. o Congressmen draft legislation, mark the bill up ion committee, debate it on the floor of the respective houses, reconcile the House and Senate versions and then vote on it. No other political entity writes the legislation. However, their opinions are greatly affected by external forces (that are elaborated on below): o Constituency o Interests groups o Political Parties Congress has/d the power of the purse: appropriations. Committees: Specialize in the substance of policy, while parties specialize in the policy of the policy (procedure). Committees are given jurisdiction by law. Although Congress used to be the primary legislators and political actors who governed in the United States, they are no longer the most powerful branch, the Executive branch. Possible theories: o Social Complexity Theory: The country became too complex to run by collective decision-making; had many political mechanisms already, i.e. banking…
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GOVT 1111 Final 1 Topic 1 Outline - Government Final Exam...

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