GOVT 1111 Unit 1 and 2 Terms - We the People Chapter 1...

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We the People Chapter 1 Title Description authoritarian government a system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits but may nevertheless be restrained by the power of other social institutions autocracy a form of government in which a single individual - a king, queen, or dictator - rules citizenship informed and active membership in a political community constitutional government a system of rule in which formal and effective limits are placed on the powers of the government Significance : Limits are placed on what the government can do and how they do it. Only 20 or so governments around the world have this. Promotes democracy and establishes the concept of vote. Guarantees civil liberties and rights. democracy a system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the election of key public officials. Significance : Influence decision making of the government. Eradicates totalitarian govt. Basis of a society. direct democracy a system of rule that permits citizens to vote directly on laws and policies equality of opportunity a widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential government institutions and procedures through which a territory and its people are ruled. laissez-faire capitalism an economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated for profit with minimal or no government interference liberty freedom from governmental control limited government a principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution majority rule, minority rights
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the democratic principle that a government follows the preferences of the majority of voters but protects the interests of the minority oligarchy a form of government in which a small group - landowners, military officers, or wealthy merchants - controls most of the governing decisions pluralism the theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence in the government. The outcome of this competition is compromise and moderation political culture broadly shared values, beliefs, and attitudes about how the government should function. American political culture emphasizes the values of liberty, equality, and democracy political efficacy the ability to influence government and politics political equality the right to participate in politics equally, based on the principle of "one person, one vote" politics conflict over the leadership, structure, and policies of governments popular sovereignty a principle of democracy in which political authority rests ultimately in the hands of the people power influence over a government's leadership, organization, or policies representative democracy/republic a system of government in which the populace selects representatives, who play a significant role in governmental decision making
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2010 for the course GOVT 1111 at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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GOVT 1111 Unit 1 and 2 Terms - We the People Chapter 1...

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