GOVT 1111 Unit 1 Lecture Notes

GOVT 1111 Unit 1 Lecture Notes - The Making of America A...

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08/27/2009The Making of America: A Comparative Study of Conquest Liberal: skeptical of what you are told. 1. Conquest is the origin of government. It succeeds when a people take over and establishes a structure that was not previously there. 2. The cold remains of conquest are the armies that have been built up for war and for conquering more land. 3. Case study of conquest: a. South America – strictly temporary in order to extract (gold, corn, etc.) i. “This is a delightful land.” Reports of beautiful land, plenty of food and natural resources. ii. Immediate riches iii. Rich home countries iv. Homeland: strong monarchy; church, army and state unified. This was a successful and stable conquest. v. Goal: Immediate exploitation. The Crown ran the conquest with no intent whatsoever to settle. They could easily create villages and settle but it was not their goal. vi. Transplanted feudal hierarchy. vii.Old world structure: caste system. viii. Conquest by Lord and Sword. Everything they did in regard to the new world was to spread the word of God and bring them back to the glory of the mother country. b. North America – long-term settlement in mind i. “Hideous and desolate wilderness.” Reports came back with only negative observations. ii. Cold, unwanted continent. iii. Poor home country. iv. Homeland: weak, post-Catholic monarchy. (This is why the Spanish and French dominated the seas—England was not a powerful country at this time.) v. Goal: settlement. The King encouraged settlement out of weakness—he encouraged the Protestants to travel to America so they would no longer protest the Catholic Church in England. (North American conquest had a duel role: to expand and to attract of Protestant emigration.) vi. “Born Equal,” loose power structure. vii.Society of freeholders. viii. Conquest by property. 4. Consequences for government institutions and politics a. South America i. Centralism: obligations that everyone had. ii. Serfdom: little slavery. iii. Feudalism to corporatism: the upper class had the opportunity to sit out of the military. 1
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iv. Church-state fusion: the reason that so many rebellions occurred. v. Authoritarianism: small states that lived by turnovers by cou de ta, etc. b. North America i. Localism: a history of pride in their communities. ii. “Common man,” “freeman”: common stock/share. (The mayflower was the first existence of capitalism.) iii. Voluntary association iv. Church-state separation: the Catholic Church in England could not reach the settlers in North America so they were free to experiment with their own religious beliefs v. Experiments with representation 5. The dark side of comparison: a. South America i. Early abolition of slavery: because the Church was involved in the conquest, and the Church defined slavery as evil and sinful so it was abolished early on. They did not become slave-opportunists. ii. Integration of aboriginals
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GOVT 1111 Unit 1 Lecture Notes - The Making of America A...

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