GOVT 1111 Unit 2 Lecture Notes

GOVT 1111 Unit 2 Lecture Notes - The First Branch 1 Review...

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The First Branch 1. Review: a. Three principles to divide govt: i. Federalism ii. Separation of power iii. Citizenship b. Now cover Seperation of power with the different branches: 2. Congress: The First Branch and, by intention, the Superior Branch a. Was first branch for a reason; Legislative Branch was expected to be the superior branch b. Laws come from the Legislative Branch; Federalists and loose constructions like Hamilton supported its power c. Congress always had low opinon among branches i. Job is to make bills, do it very slowly d. Evidence of Intent of the Framers i. Article I, Section 8: all national government powers to Congress ii. Article I, Section 9: Congress has “power of the purse” iii. Article I, Section 7: all revenue (tax) bills originate in House iv. Article II, Section 3: president to “faithfully execute” the laws v. Article I, Section 8: “necessary and proper” e. What happened to “checks and balances?” i. Differences between branches 1. Congress is usually lowest in popularity rating 2. Congress has the most important power: power to create bills ii. Checks built into Congress: Bicameralism 1. Difference between House and Senate
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2. Word actually invented in the Federalist powers 3. Both houses have to agree on any one version of any piece of legislation 4. Powers like filibuster allow houses to block each other 5. Reason we hate Congress: we made it so that it wouldn’t be efficient f. The most effective check of all: the principle of representative government i. Representative Government: an oxymoron 1. Very imperfect solution 2. No idea even what they should be representative of 3. Government being power side, people being obligation side 4. Senate was meant to represent states, Representatives to represent people a. Senators picked by state legislators until 1812 5. Tried to make it so elected officials would be responsible for their constituency ii. True meaning: representation vs governing 3. Problems of Representation a. Two kinds of representation i. Sociological representation: a picture of the society 1. Society is represented 1 for 1 by people who are elected 2. Eg: 51% women in country = 51% people in congress 3. Representation is picture of society ii. Agency representation: how to maximize accountability 1. Get someone to represent you and give them instructions 2. Acting in the place of someone, rather than standing in the place of 3. Representatives stand accountable for regions/constituency 4. Hold representatives accountable for voting record b. Four methods for maximizing accountability of representatives i. Goal of revolutions: to make representation realistic
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ii. Anglo-Saxon, single member district board 1. “curse of brits” 2. District that we actually chose iii. European, multi-member district board 1. Take number of reps we’re allowed to send to Congress, allow them to run state wide 2. Once someone gets elected, withdraw votes and allow them to vote for next person iv. Socialist: syndicalist industry method 1. Unit representation 2. Have people represent their working cells v.
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