anthro notes

anthro notes - Cultural Components: World view People...

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Cultural Components: World view People dealing with ideas World view - A generally coherent system of cultural ideas and beliefs about the nature of reality that is shared by the members of a society Culture - A society's framework for constructing reality Epistemology - The study of how knowledge or information is acquired Sensory Perception Source---->sense--->brain--->?--->perception only minor differences no known differences in brains Muller-Lyer Illusion---> carpentered environment experience, learning Netsilik: Tupiliqs (evil ghosts) tunraqs (protective spirits) Pilots were trained to see things below the 80ms range world view Epistemology sensory perception socialization reasoning, knowledge, logic intuition, ESP, precognition, etc. divination - the art of foreseeing future events or discovering hidden knowledge through supernatural means Symbolic Classification - the way in which a culture organizes knowledge into significant categories Values - standards of what is good, desirable, or correct that are shared by the members of a society peasants - rural people who produce food for their own subsistance but who must also contribute to see their surpluses to others who do not produce their own food. Image of limited good - a present value based on the attitude of that 1.) all of the good things in life are limited in quantity and are always in short supply, 2.) there is no way to increase the availability of the good things in life, 3.) therefore an individual or a family can get more of the good things only at the expense of others language = speech linguistics - the study of language structural linguistics (grammer) syntax : the study of sentence structure morphology : the study of word structure phonology : the study of sound structure semantics : the study of meaning
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morphology prefixes, suffixes, inflection plural cats (s) foots dogs (z) mens horses (iz) gooses past tense rake(d) make plan (d) runned plant (id) doed-ed phonology: the study of sound structure humans can make 800 speech sounds phoneme : 1) a sounds or set of sounds that make a difference in meaning to the speakers of a language, 2) the unique set of basic sounds of language. English has 39, Hawaiian has 13. semantics: the study of meaning neologism : making a new word historical linguistics : the study of how languages are constructed syntax (slowest) morphology phonlogy semantics (most rapid) Modern English 1500-present Middle English 1100-1500 Old English 450-1100 Syntax SOV (commonest), SVO, VSO, OVS morphology- had inflections (case endings), like German The Great Vowel Shift Dialect- a variety of a language spoken in a particular area or by a particular social group: West- Enlish, Dutch, German Germanic North- Icelandic, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish East- Gothic (extinct)
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anthro notes - Cultural Components: World view People...

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