The Likely Effects of Turkeys Membership Upon the EU

The Likely Effects of Turkeys Membership Upon the EU - T.R...

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T.R. PRIME MINISTRY STATE PLANNING ORGANISATION THE LIKELY EFFECTS OF TURKEY’S MEMBERSHIP UPON THE EU December 2004
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The Likely Effects of Turkey’s Membership Upon the EU CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 2 A- THE LEGAL SITUATION 5 1. Turkey-EU Relations 5 B- POLITICAL ISSUES 8 1. Fulfilment of the Political Criteria and Implementation 8 2. Turkey’s Weight in the EU Decision-Making Mechanisms 11 3. Contribution of Turkey’s Membership to Making the EU A Global Power 13 4. Contribution of Turkey’s Membership to the EU Capacity to Fight Terrorism 15 5. Contribution of Turkey’s EU Membership to the Settlement of the Cyprus Question 16 C- ECONOMIC ISSUES 18 1. Fulfilment of the Economic Criteria 18 2. The Impact of EU Membership on Turkey’s Development 21 3. Turkey’s Economic Integration with the EU 24 4. Budgetary Implications of Turkey’s Membership for the EU 29 5. The Enlargement of the EU Internal Market and the Competitive Advantage of EU Firms in the Common Legal and Economic Environment 34 6. The Contribution of Turkey’s Young and Educated Population to the EU Economy 36 7. Free Movement of Workers and Migration from Turkey to EU Countries 40 D- SOCIAL and CULTURAL ISSUES 41 1. The Contribution of Turkey’s Membership to the EU Mosaic 41 ANNEXES 43 http://ekutup.dpt.gov.tr/ab/uyelik/etki/olasi-i.pdf 1
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The Likely Effects of Turkey’s Membership Upon the EU INTRODUCTION Relations between Turkey and the European Union have a long history, which started with the association established by the Ankara Agreement in the early 1960s, continued with the Additional Protocol which regulates the transitional period of the association in the 1970s, and reached an advanced level with the creation of a customs union between the parties in 1996. Throughout this long process, the main perspective in Turkey-EU relations was full membership and this goal was the driving force behind the progress achieved in relations. The Helsinki European Council of 1999 irrevocably confirmed Turkey’s candidate status. The European Union, which had 6 members when the association relationship was established with Turkey, has today become a structure with 25 members. This number will rise to 27 after Romania and Bulgaria become members in the coming years. Today, the European Union appears as a giant bloc with a population of about 455 million and a total output of 10 trillion euros, where no single member state - regardless of its size - dominates. This Union, whose founding philosophy includes the principles of peace, freedom, welfare, the rule of law, and solidarity, is the symbol of a successful integration effort which influences not only the continent of Europe but also the whole mankind at the global level. Continuously transforming as a moving target with its dynamics of enlargement and deepening, the European Union has, on the one hand, gathered strength with new members and, on the other, enabled its members to develop faster in a favourable and stable environment.
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