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Exam 1 Key Spring 2010

Exam 1 Key Spring 2010 - My Al N,3:22 C[3 991 AGEC 105...

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Unformatted text preview: My Al N ,3» /:22 C [3% 991%; AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Capps Please put the following pieces of information on your scantron: (a) Name (b) UIN # ._(9)____. __...Sect.i__9.n_ #3 5.01.. __ 5.0.2 __.. 5.93 _. ' (d) Sign the Aggie pledge on the back of your seantron. “On my honor, as an Aggie, I have neither given nor received unauthorized aid on this exam.” AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Capps 1. Scarce resources like land, labor, and capital can be categorized as: (a) human resources :D (b) natural and biological resources (0) manufactured resources ((1) all of the above 2. Which of the following statement(s) is (are) false? @The number of U.S. farms at present is about 3 million. 3) (b) The average size of U.S. farms is between 400 and 500 acres. @At present, most U.S. farms are organized as partnerships and corporations. (d) Both (a) and (c). 3. The U.S. economy represents what kind of economic system? A (a) mixed (0) socialistic (b) capitalistic (d) communistic 4. Given the diagram below, what can you conclude? (a) The diagram pertains to a demand curve. (b) The diagram pertains to a budget line. (c) The diagram pertains to an Engel curve for any inferior good. (d) Can’t tell; insufficient information. 5. Economic reasoning that is true for one individual but not for society as a whole is referred to as: , (a) Fallacy of composition (0) Opportunity cost (b) Specialization (d) Normative economics 6. An agribusiness firm may undertake three alternatives: (1) buy cane sugar and manufacture various sugars and sweets, making a profit of $12 million; or (ii) buy corn and produce ethanol, making a profit of $16 million; or C (iii) buy wheat and produce breads, rolls, and pastries, making a profit of $13 million. The opportunity cost associated with these three choices is: (a) $3 million (c) $13 million (b) $4 million (d) $16 million Page 2 AGEC 1 05 Spring 2010 Test #1 Capps F7 What branch of economics is concerned with the effects of nutrition labeling on the dietary quality of consumers (i.e. What-if types of questions)? (a) normative economics (0) microeconomics B (b) positive economics (d) macroeconomics 8. Congress commissioned a study to determine what the minimum wage should be for US. blue collar workers. To what branch of economics does this study correspond? ,5 (a) normative economics (0) microeconomics (b) positive economics (d) macroeconomics 9. What branch of economics is concerned with interest rates and the gross domestic product (GDP) of the U.S. economy? D (a) normative economics (c) microeconomics (b) positive economics (d) macroeconomics . E0. Which of the following statements is (are) true? C (a) In 2009, US. net farm income was down 20% relative to 2008. In One out of every ten jobs in the U.S. economy is tied to the food and fiber industry. :/ ' .U.S. farms tend to be specialized rather than diversified in that about half of the US. farms produce -- ' just one commodity. (d) Both (a) and (c). l 1. Which of the foliowing is not true? (a) The own-price elasticity is always negative. (13) Productivity in the farm sector has increased dramatically over the past 50 years. 9 (c) The share of total farm receipts earned by the largest farms has been increasing during the past two J decades. (d) None of the above (that is, all statements are true). Page 3 AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Capps Consider the information below for a rice farm in the Beaumont area in answering questions 12 and 13. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Cash receipts from farm marketings $750,000 Receipts of government payments $150,000 Other income from farm sources $100,000 Production expenses $400,000 Value of real estate assets $10 million Value of non-real estate assets $2 million Financial assets $4 million Liabilities $9 million Net farm income for this operation is: (a) $600,000 (0) $7 million (b) $1 million (d) $25 million The equity for this operation is: (a) $600,000 (0) $7 million b $1 million ((1) $25 million ( Which of the following statement(s) is(are) false? ' (an. can.'¢.........g.1....'e.'aria-sat...are... ."graaa”s...pieg. " (b) The current US. Secretary of Agriculure is Tom Vilseck. (c) The index most frequently used by economists to measure inflation is the Wholesale Price Index. (d) None of the above (that is, all statements are true). The gross domestic product (GDP) for the US. economy in 2009 was roughly $14.2 trillion. What was the approximate doliar value associated With the food and fiber industry in 2009‘? (a) $12 to $1.6 trillion (c) $2.2 to $2.6 trillion (b) $1.7 to $2.1 trillion (d) $2.7 to $3.2 trillion Assume that for John Paxton, a soybean producer from Iowa, the only source of farm income is from the production of soybeans. Paxton produced 100,000 bushels of soybeans in 2009, receiving $12 per bushel. Assuming this producer had production expenses of $800,000, and assuming the CPI for 2009 was 2.00, his real farm income for 2009 was: (a) $400,000 (b) $200,000 (0) $1.2 million (d) Can’t tell; insufficient information. Page 4 AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Capps 17. 18. 19. 20. Use the table below to answer questions 17 and 18 dealing with the output and price of corn for 2008 and 2009. Year Output {in bushels) Price/Bushel 2008 10,000 $4.00 2009 12,000 $5.00 Relative to 2008, the price of corn for 2009 was: (a) Higher by 20% (b) Lower by 25% (c) Lower by 20% ((1) Higher by 25% Which of the following statements is true? (Let 2008 be the base year.) (a) The output index for 2008 is less than 1. (b) The output index for 2009 is 1.25. (c) The output index for 2009 is 1.20._ (d) The output index for 2009 is 0.83. According to the following chart, 24 40 30 ...Total. Utility. . . 24 when total utility is equal to 24, how many bottles of Dr. Pepper will this consumer give up in order to get on more wing? (3) none (0) two (b) one-half ((21) Can‘t tell; insufficient information Whichofths f0110wing statements .isfqlse? (a) Agricultural economics is an applied social science. (b) The rational consumer maximizes satisfaction subject to a budget constraint. (0) In addressing the marketing bill, the largest portion of the dollar spent on food goes to advertising. (d) The Latin phrase cererz's paribus means everything else the same or holding all other factors constant. Page 5 AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Capps 21. 4 22. C/ 23. C 24. The marginal utility of a good (e. g. ice cream) declines with increases in the consumption of that good. This phenomenon is referred to as the: (a) Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility (b) Engel’s Law (0) Law of Demand ((1) None of the above As a consumer’s income rises, the proportion of income spent on food fails. This assertion is known as: (a) Law of Demand (b) Consumer Surplus (c) Engel’s Law ((1) Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility Suppose the index of prices received by farmers for 2009 was 1.12 and the base year of this index was 1996. Then: (a) relative to 1996, farm prices were 12% iower in 2009. (b) relative to 2009, farm prices were 12% higher in 1996. (0) relative to 1996, farm prices were 12% higher in 2009. (d) relative to 2009, farm prices were 12% lower in 1996. Based on the graph to the right, which of the following is true? Units of Environmental (a) 3 units of environmental quality and Quality 6 units of power offer the same level of satisfaction as 4 units of environmental quality and 5 10 units of power. (b) 5 units of environmental quality and 4 units of power offer the same level of satisfaction as 3 4 units of environmental quality and 10 units of power. (0) ' 5 units of environmental quality and 8 units of power offer the same level of satisfaction as 4 units of environmental quality and }0 units of power_ Units of Power ((1) none of the above Page 6 AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Capps 25. Based on the graph in question 24, which of the following statement(s) is (are) true? (a) The MRS from point A to point B is —1. (b) We cannot compute the MRS from point A to point E. . (c) The curves depicted in in the graph are indifference or iso-utility curves. D (d) All of the above. 26. The MRS from point B to point C in the above graph must be tower (in absolute value) than the MRS from point A to point B. The reason this statement is true is due to: (a) the law of demand B (b) the law of diminishing marginal utility (c) Engel’s law (d) none of the above. 27. Suppose a college student can spend $30 on Subway sandwiches and Chick-Fil-A sandwiches. The price of a Subway sandwich is $5 and the price of a Chick-Fil-A sandwich is $3. Which of the following diagrams describes the correct budget line for this student? Subway Subway (a) sandwiches (b) sandwiches 6 10 Chick-Fil-A sandwiches Chick-Fil-A sandwiches . . Chick—Fil—A Chlck-Fll-A , (C) sandwiches (d) sandwxches 6 10 6 . [0 Subway sandwiches Subway sandwiches 28. The following graph depicts: P . . __ . . (a) an Engel Curve (b) a perfectly elastic demand curve (c) a perfectly inelastic demand curve (d) a budget line Page 7 AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Capps 29. i? 30. ID 31. 9 _ 32. 33. 34. Which of the following statement(s) is (are) false? (a) The slope of any budget line is negative and related to the ratio of the prices of the goods in question. (b) The slope of any linear demand curve is the own-price elasticity. (c) The slope of any indifference curve is the MRS. (d) None of the above (that is, all statements are true). Which of the following statement(s) is (are) true? (a) The marginal rate of substitution is always negative. (b) Indifference curves never intersect. (c) When total utility reaches a maximum, marginal utility is zero. ((1) All of the above The demand curve for a product shifts to the right. Which of the following statement(s) is (are) a plausible explanation for this situation? (a) The price of a competing product decreased. (b) A successful television advertising campaign was launched by the manufacturer of the product. (0) Assuming the commodity in question is a normal good, income available to the consumer increased. (d) (b) and (c). The ownjprice elasticity for cherries at the farm levei is ~0.60. Because of the recent freeze in washingtsn; cherry p'mduca'onwiii fall by taperceni. Cheny'pi-ices are "likel'y'i'o: (a) rise by 20%. «=- 13 g s... g, :12- :2 W]? (b) remain the same. 7.1)? a, b (0) fall by 20%. (d) can’t tell; insufficient information. The mathematical representation of the satisfaction a consumer derives from a bundle of goods is called the (a) indifference (or iso—utility) curve (b) utility function (0) Engel curve (d) demand curve Consider the graph on the right. The clockwise rotation of this diagram may be best explained as: QPepsi 14 10 (a) the price of Pepsi fell. (b) the price of Coca-Cola rose. (c) the price of Pepsi rose. (d) total income for the consumer fell. 3 QCocacola Page 8 AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Capps 35. D 36. ll 37. C 38. C 39. Which of the following statement(s) is (are) false? (a) The concept of elasticity of demand was originated by Alfred Marshall. (b) Economists do not actually need to measure the level of satisfaction to discern preferences for alternative combinations of goods. (0) If the change in total utility for apples is 50 utils and the change in consumption of apples is 5 units, then marginal utility is 10. (d) None of the above (that is, all statements are true). Suppose that the own-price elasticity f01 Ragu spaghetti sauce is 1. 2.5. What 13 the co1rect 1nterp1etation of this measure? .a 4% 1ncrease in p1ice leads to a 5% deCIease 1n quantity demanded. (b) a 10% dec1ease 1n piice leads to an 8%‘1nc1ease in quantity demanded. (c) The demand for Ragu spaghetti sauce is unitary elastic. (d) All of the above. In Question 36, if the own-price elasticity of demand is -1.25, in order for the manufacturer of Ragu to increase total revenue, at least in the short run, it would be advisable to: (a) do nothing (1)) raise the price of Ragu (0) lower the price of Ragu (d) can’t tell; insufficient information Assume that for a given consumer, the marginal utility of wine is 100 and the price of Wine is $60. Also, assume that the marginal utility of lobster is 200 and the price of lobster is $100. This consumer: (a) is in equilibrium 3232: ‘> 2.3—0 (b) should buy more wine ’ O (0) should buy more lobster (2000 3’ mono ((1) can’t tell; insufficient information given to answer the question. Consider the following graph: 1 0 8 QPepsi 10 12 QCoca-Cola This diagram may be best explained as: (a) the price of Pepsi fell. (b) the price of Coca-cola rose. (0) total income available to the consumer fell. ((1) totai income available to the consumer rose. Page 9 40. AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Questions 40 through 43 pertain to the following demand curve for shrimp. P($flb} $10 A $8 $5 B 20 50 80 Qflbs) The own—price elasticity of demand for shrimp between points A and B is: um um- $- (a)-1.857 £ng 31.923013 1945 (b)-10 ' -— ,5; ““‘ 1 ’35 (c)-1/10 AP Q AP “if? I? (d)-0.538 30% $5,; 1.95.; .13 1.3, as 5’ 7 41. 42. 43. When the market price is $5 per pound, the consumer surplus is: 20 . - 8:125 J. ‘1"; (5‘9“ ’25 (0)35250 ’1 (d)$40.. .. When the market price increases to $8 per pound, which of the following statements is true? (a) Consumers are better off by $105. 2 O (b) Consumers are worse off by $105. (0) Consumers are better off by $20. (d) Consumers are worse off by $20. The movement from point A to point B (or vice versa) represents: (a) a change in demand. (b) a change in quantity demanded. (c) the law of demand. ((1) both (b) and (c). Capps Page 10 AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Capps 44. In a recent article in USA Today, the price of gasoline rose over the past year from $2.50 to $3.00, a price hike of 20 percent. Gasoline consumption over the past year declined by 10 percent. So, on the basis of this article, we can conclude that (a) the demand for gasoline is unitary elastic. (b) the demand for gasoline is inelastic. g (c) the demand for gasoline is elastic. (d) can’t tell; insufficient information. 45. The American Medical Association reported that the consumption of green peas would lower the likelihood of breast cancer. Which of the following diagrams best illustrates the impact of this medical announcement? b P(green peas) ( ) A \\ B Q(green peas) (d) P(green peas) Q(green peas) Q(green peas) 46. Suppose that the interest rate for a savings account is 3%. You take $500 from your savings account to buy a new wardrobe. The “full” cost associated with this purchase amounts to: (a) $500 C: (b) $15 (0) $515 ((1) can’t tell; insufficient information. Page 1 l 47. 1/ 48. 49. AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Capps Which of the following statement(s) is (are) true? (a) If the own-price elasticity of demand is —1, then the demand for this product is said to be unitary elastic. (b) According to the graph to I the right, the commodity / under question is a normal good. , Q (c) The graph in (b) is called an Engel curve. ((1) All of the above. According to the graph below, which of the following statement(s) is (are) true? P{macaroui & cheese) \ Q(macaroui & cheese) (3.) New medical research indicates that eating macaroni and cheese leads to a degenerate nervous disorder. (‘0) Assuming macaroni and cheese is an inferior good, income available to the consumer rose. (c) There is a change in demand for-macaroni and cheese. (d) All of the above Individual demand schedules for three customers from the local H—E-B store in the purchase of ice cream are given below: Customers ——— What is the market demand for ice cream at a price of $1.65 assuming that the only consumers in this market are customers A, B, and C? (a) 16 (b) 22 (c) 25 (d) can’t tell; insufficient information Page 12 50. “(3‘3 AGEC 105 Spring 2010 Test #1 Consider the diagram to the right. Ko 01- Aid At point C, which of the following statement(s) is (are) true? (a) The optimal purchase for this consumer is 8 glasses of KooI~Aid and 6 glasses of tea. (b) The marginal rate of substitution is “3/4. (C) IMUKonf—Afd : ‘MUrea Plea PXoof—Ar’d (d) All of the above. 12 8 16 Tea Capps Page 13 ...
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