Test2_agec105_Fall2010_KEY

Test2_agec105_Fall2010_KEY - AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2...

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Unformatted text preview: AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps (70 questions) Please put the following pieces of information on. your scantron: (a) Name (b) UIN # (0) Section #: 504 505 506 (d) Sign the Aggie pledge on the back of your scantron. “On my honor, as an Aggie, I have neither given nor received unauthorized aid on this exam.” {L15 3/23 (:w )‘7 pm 57' AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps 1. Which of the following statements is not a characteristic of perfect competition? a. limited entry to markets b. no firm can influence market price c. homogeneous product i d. large number of buyers and sellers 2. Which of the following statements is true? a. one advantage of perfect competition is that farmers can set the price in their negotiations with buyers. b. a firm should operate under stage 1 of production if it wishes to maximize profit. D c. a commodity surplus or shortage will occur when the market is in equilibrium. d. product differentiation is the key difference between monopolistic competition and perfect competition. 3. Which of the following statements is not true? a. The supply curve for a firm is its MC curve. A b. If the change in total economic surplus is negative due to a shift in a demand and/or a supply curve, society is worse off. 0. AFC + AVC : ATC. d. The law of diminishing marginal returns states that as the use of an input increases, its MPP eventually will fall. 4. Which of the following statements is (are) true? a. MIC refers to the change in total cost when producing one more unit of output. b. MIC refers to the change in total cost when using one more unit of input. I) c. The optimal level of input to use occurs when MVP = MIC. d. both b. and c. 5. Which of the following statements is true? a. The social costs of monopolies are referred to as deadweight loss. b. When producers respond to market prices in a previous time period, adjustments to market equilibrium occur in a random pattern. 0. Firms operating as monopolistic competitors, oligopolists, or monopolists may never incur a loss. d. The profit maximizing level of output for any firm is determined where marginal revenue exceeds marginal cost. 6. Which of the following are common barriers to entry? a. economies of scale b. capital access and costs 3) c. absolute unit-cost advantages ‘ d. all of the above Page 2 AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps The following diagram pertains to the quantity of snack foods produced per day by Frito Lay, using labor as an input. Using this diagram, answer questions 7 - 10. Quantity (snack food products) C 5,000 ' "‘ 2.000 2 4 3 7. The marginal physical product between points B and C is: a. 500 products per hour A b. 675 products per hour 12 Labor (hours) c. 750 products per hour d. can’t tell; insufficient information 8. If we are in the range of 4 to 8 hours of labor, to what stage of production does this situation correspond? a. stage 1 B b. stage 2 r c. stage 3 .29’ d. can’t teli; insufficient information 9. If we are in the range of 8 to 12 hours of labor input per day, to What stage of production does this situation correspond? a. stage 1 C b. stage 2 c. stage 3 d. can’t tell; insufficient information 10. If the marginal physical product of labor is 250 products per hour and if Frito Lay can sell a snack food product for $0.10, what is the change in total revenue due to the hiring of one additional hour of labor? a. $0.10/hour b. $25/hour c. $2500/hour (1. can’t tell; insufficient information 1 1. The technical name of the concept described in question 10 is known as the: a. MIC b. MVP B 0. law of diminishing marginal returns (1. none of the above Page 3 Fall 20l0 AGEC 105 Test #2 Capps The following graph depicts a leftward shift in the supply curve. Use this graph to answer questions 12 - 15. 12. Which of the following statements is (are) tru e?Q a. This diagram could describe the impact of a drought on a crop in Texas. b. This diagram could describe the impact of the use of new pesticides, where the marginal costs of D production will rise by 12 percent. 0. This diagram could describe the economic effects of biotechnology, where the marginal costs of production will fall by 10 percent. d. both a. and b. 13. The change in producer surplus is given by: a. — B-C b. B - E g c.B-B (1. can’t tell; insufficient information 14. The change in consumer surplus is given by: a. - B-C A b.B-E c.B+C d. can’t tell; insufficient information 15. The net effect on society is given by: a. - B-C b. C + E C c.—C-E d.B—E F5 Cl; jaunt], Ba em DH? name Awaermc Milk 3w ,4 xi +va A )3»- E a .5” C “ C” L'- 16. If MR were $10 per unit, and if MC = $12 per unit, then: a. the firm should increase production b. the firm should decrease production E c. profits are maximized d. can’t tell; insufficient information Page 4 AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps 17. Given the following diagram, what is the own-price elasticity of supply between points A and B? P .9 S $60 9..., a- B W M " b.3/11 $30 11.1? q 22 9'5! f/ d. can’t tell; insufficient information. 20 24 Q 18. Which of the following combination of goods most closely fits the definition of complementary products? a. Bounty towels and Scott towels b. Pepsi and Coca-Cola C c. spaghetti and spaghetti sauce d. Tide detergent and milk 19. Assume that a retailer sells 1000 six-packs of Pepsi per day at a price of $3.25/six—pack. You as an economic analyst, estimate that the cross~price elasticity between Pepsi and Coca—Cola is 0.6. If the retailer raises the price of Coca-Cola from $3.00 to $3.30/six—pack, how would sales of Pepsi be affected, ceteris paribus? a. sales of Pepsi would not be affected at all b. sales of Pepsi would rise by 30 six-packs C 0. sales of Pepsi would rise by 60 six-packs d. can’t tell; insufficient information. 20. Which of the four graphs below describes the impact of a successful advertising and promotional campaign for a particular agricultural commodity? Page 5 AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps 21. The cross-price elasticity between two goods is 0. Which of the following two goods best illustrates this cross-price elasticity? a. Borden milk and Crest toothpaste b. spaghetti and Newman’s Own Spaghetti Sauce 0. Pepsi and Dr. Pepper d. Bounty towels and Scott towels 22. What assumption of perfect competition is “relaxed” in the case of monopolistic competition? a. large number of sellers b. homogeneous products 3 0. no barriers to entry or to exit d. perfect information In the following table, “1” stands for the amount of a particular variable input. Assume the model of perfect competition. Use this table to answer questions 23-27. 1000 200 IIIIIIIIIIII 1100 IIIIIIIiIIIIIIIIIIIIIIEIIIIIIII 23. What is the value of w? a. $100 3 b. $200 0. $1000 d. can’t tell; insufficient information 24. What is the value of x? _ a. $200 C b. $1000 C. $1200 (1. can’t say; insufficient information 25. What is the value ofy? v' [200 95 1 a.$150 c.$1500 [no 190*!" ’700 i) b. $1200 d. $1700 26. What is the value of Z? a. $150 0. $1500 C b. $1200 d. $1700 27. What is the value of t? a. 100 units b. 150 units E c. 200 units d. can’t say; insufficient information Page 6 AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps 28. In an oligopoly, which of the following statements is not true? a. Firms will match all price decreases of another, but will not match price increases. 13. The market demand curve in kinked. 9 0. Firms will attempt to differentiate their products. ‘ d. Firms will match all price increases of another, but will not match price decreases. 29. Investment in biotechnology is a recommendation given to agricultural producers largely because marginal costs of production are reduced. What are the likely consequences of this investment to producers, celerfs paribus? a. Prices of their output will rise and quantities produced will fall. b. Prices of their output will rise and quantities produced will rise. C, c. Prices of their output will fall and quantities produced will rise. d. Prices of their output will fall and quantities produced will fall. 30. Suppose that a firm sells 9 units at a price of $13 and 12 units at a price of $12.Then marginal revenue is equal to: . E a.$0 779,31]? "7711: b. $9 0. $27 mrt'; amt 3,2. g ‘7 (1. can’t tell; insufficient information. ' 3 31. An outbreak of salmonella occurs in Plano, Texas, particularly affecting all foods containing peanut butter. Given this information, it is likely that: a. the price of peanut butter would fall and the quantity of peanut butter produced would fall. A b. the price of peanut butter would fall but the quantity of peanut butter produced would rise. 0. the price of peanut butter would rise and the quantity of peanut butter produced would rise. d. the price of peanut butter would rise but the quantity of peanut butter produced would fall. 32. Which of the following statements is (are) true? a. If the cross-price elasticity of demand between two goods is negative, then the commodities are substitutes. b. If the firm receives a price below its breakdown price but above its shutdown price, it will incur a loss. c. If MPP > APP, then this situation corresponds to stage 1 of production. d. both b. and c. 33. If the government were to impose a lump-sum tax on a monopolist, What is likeiy to happen to the quantity produced of a commodity and the price charged relative to the situation where there is no lump-sum tax imposed? a. The price would fall, and the quantity produced would fall. C b. The price would fall, but the quantity produced would rise. c. No change in price or quantity produced would occur, only a reduction in profit. d. No change in price, quantity produced, or profit would occur. Page 7 AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps Given the following diagram associated with cost curves for a perfectly competitive firm, answer questions 34 to 38. Price (dollars) 34. The supply curve for this firm is given by: a. AF. 0. CF. 5 b. BF. d. can’t tell; insufficient information 35. In order for this firm to produce any output, the minimum price must be at least: a. $10 per unit. c. $15 per unit. 8 b. $12 per unit. d. $16 per unit. 36. In order for this firm to break even, it must produce: a. 225 units. 0. 300 units. C b. 250 units. d. 325 units 37. Suppose that the firm receives $25 per unit of output. The maximum profit this firm can expect to receive is: a. $3,150. 0. $8,750. b. $5,600. (1. can’t tell, insufficient information 38. If the firm produces 250 units, total fixed costs are: a. $1,000. 0. $4,000. b. $3,000. d. can’t tell; insufficient information 39. If the own-price elasticity of demand equals -0.4, then the price flexibility of demand is equal to: a. -0.4 c. -0.25 E b. -2.5 (1. can’t tell; insufficient information 40. Which of the following is (are) a condition(s) for imperfect competition? a. few sellers 0. barriers to enter and to exit 9 b. differentiated products d. all of the above 41. Which of the following statements is (are) true? a. Food service purveyors are examples of firms operating as monopolistic competitors. b. In imperfect competition, P == MR. A c. If at a given market price, the quantity demanded by consumers exceeds the quantity supplied by producers, then a market surplus occurs. (1. none of the above. Page 8 AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps 42. Which of the following statements is (are) true? a. When MPP < APP, this situation corresponds to stage 2 of production. b. APP can never be negative, but MPP can be negative. D 0. Another term for the TPP curve is the production function. d. all of the above 43. The use of “green” pesticide production practices While environmentally desirable, raises the marginal costs of production 8 percent. What are the likely consequences of “green” production practices, ceferz's paribus? a. Prices of outputs will rise and quantities produced will fall. b. Prices of outputs will rise and quantities produced will rise. c. Prices of outputs will fall and quantities produced will rise. d. Prices of outputs will fall and quantities produced will fall. 44. Which of the following ranges of own-price elasticities best characterize the supply curve for agricultural products at the farm level in the short run? a. 0.1 to 0.3 b. 0.7 to 0.9 c. 1.5 to 1.8 d. 3.0 to 6.0 45. Which of the following graphs depicts a market surplus? d. none of the above Q1) QB Qs Q Qs QE QD Q Q]: Q 46. Which of the following statements is (are) true? a. Commodity surplus or shortage are examples of market disequilibria. b. The economic analysis of imperfect competition was originated by Edward Chamberlain and Joan Robinson. 0. The market supply curve corresponds to the horizontal summation of all MC curves in the industiy at various prices. (:1. all of the above 47. Considering the diagram to the right, which of the following statements is (are) true? a. producer surplus “—“ $30 million ' b. total economic surplus : $45 million 0. (a) and (b) d. none of the above 30 Q(million) Page 9 AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps Use the following graph to answer questions 48 through 52. 3.000 X 4.000 Q 48. Which of the following does this graph illustrate? a. monopoly in the short run b. monopolistic competition in the short run 0. perfect competition :D d. both a. and b. 49. What is the price charged and the output produced by the monopolistic competitor in order to maximize profits? a. P = $2, Q 2 3,000 b. P : $3, Q = 4,000 C c. P =$4, Q = 3,000 d. P ~—- $2.50, Q = 3,000 50. The maximum profit under imperfect competition is: a. -$1,500 c. $4,500 b. $1,500 d. $12,000 51. X is equai to: a. 3,500 0. 3,800 b. 3,600 d. can’t tell; insufficient information. 52. Suppose the government imposes a price ceiling of $3. Now What is the price charged and the output produced? a. P = $4, Q : 3,000 b. P = $3, Q = 4,000 c. P : $2, Q = 3,000 d. P = $3, Q = 3,000 53. A market structure in which there are many buyers with the capacity of differentiating services (i.e. location to processing facilities; Willingness to provide credit) is called: a. oligopsony b. monopsonistic competition 0. oligopoly d. monopolistic competition Page 30 AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps 54. Which market structure best characterizes the following: there exists product differentiation, and there are many buyers and sellers? a. oligopoly B b. monopolistic competition c. perfect competition d. monopoly 55. The legislative act which was the first to prohibit monopoly and other restrictive practices was the: 3. Clayton Act. b. Packers and Stockyards Act. D c. Capper-Volstead Act. (1. Sherman Anti-Trust Act. 56. In a processing industry, four firms comprise roughly 75 percent of the market on the buying side of the market. This situation characterizes: a. an oligoply B b. an oligopsony c. a monopoly d. a monopsony 57. The Capper—Volstead Act: a. reinforced anti-trust laws regarding livestock marketing. B b. was the principal legislation exempting cooperatives from anti-trust laws. 0. plugged loopholes in the Sherman Anti-trust Act and created the Federal Trade Commission. d. none of the above. 58. Which market structure best characterizes the situation wherein there exists product differentiation, and there are few sellers? a. oligopoly b. monopolistic competition 0. perfect competition d. monopoly 59. Which of the following statements is (are) true? a. Monopolists will charge a higher price and produce more output than firms engaging in perfect competition. b. Monopsonists will offer a lower price and buy more input than firms engaging in perfect competition. 3 0. both a. and b. d. none of the above. 60. Which of the following statements is (are) true? a. A firm in perfect competition should hire an additional worker if marginal value product is greater than or equal to the wage rate. b. In the short run, a firm should shut down if it cannot cover minimum average variable costs of production. K ' 0. Firms operating in a perfectly competitive market structure produce a homogenous product. d. All of the above. Page I l AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps 61. What form of imperfect competition on the selling side is associated with farm equipment manufacturers (e. g. John Deere)? a. monopolistic competition b. oligopoly B c. monopoly d. none of the above 62. The arrangement among producers and processors of agricultural commodities in which the chief goal is to improve income is called: a. collusion. b. a marketing order. 0. nonprice competition d. a monopsony. 63. The legislative act was responsible for the creation of agricultural checkoff programs. Name the act. a. Clayton Act C! b. Capper-Volstead Act c. Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act d. none of the above 64. Coca-Cola may be interested in acquiring Cadbury Schweppes, a company which produces a ginger ale product. What is the name of the government agency, created in 1914 with the passage of the Clayton Act, charged With the responsibility of investigating mergers and acquisitions? a. Federal Trade Commission A b. Federal Reserve System c. Federai Competition Bureau d. Federai Bureau of Investigation 65. Which of the following industries best illustrates an example of a monopoly? a. retail food industry b. airline industry C c. a utility (electric) company d. the automobile industry 66. Measure to lessen the possible adverse effects of imperfect competition are called: a. capital cost barriers c. non-price competition b. countervailing actions d. product differentiation 67. A situation designed to increase or maintain profits through price fixing and/or to restrict new firms in an industry is called: a. government regulations C/ b. countervailing action 0. coliusion d. product differentiation Page £2 AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2 Capps Use the graph below to answer questions 68, 69, and 70. MIC F’lnput $500 $325 $2.75 1500 2000 amp”. 68. What is the equilibrium quantity of input used and What is the price paid per unit under the condition of perfect competition? a. QINPUT: 1600, P1NPUT= 5 b. QINPUT= 1600, PINPUT= 2.75 C C. QINPU'r: 2000, PINPUT: 3.25 (:1. none of the above 69. What is the equilibrium quantity of input used and what is the price paid per unit under the condition of monopsony? a. Q1NPUT= 1600, PINPUT: 5 b. QINPUT: 1600, PINPUT= 2.75 B c. QINPUT= 2000, PINPUT: 3.25 (1. none of the above 70. What is the magnitude of monopsonistic exploitation? a. $2.25 b. $1.75 C/ c. $0.50 d. none of the above Page 13 ...
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Test2_agec105_Fall2010_KEY - AGEC 105 Fall 2010 Test #2...

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