Contraceptive Chart.docx - Type Description Abstinence Fertility awareness \u2013 based methods Refrain from sexual activity Refrain from sex during

Contraceptive Chart.docx - Type Description Abstinence...

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Type Description Failure Rate Pros Cons STI Protection Danger Signs Comments Abstinence Refrain from sexual activity None Costs nothing Difficult to maintain 100% None Must be joint couple decision Fertility awareness – based methods Refrain from sex during fertile period 25% No side effects; acceptable to most religious groups High failure rate None None Requires high levels of couple commitment Withdrawal (coitus interruptus) Man withdraws before ejaculation 27% Involves no devices and is always available Requires considerable self-control by the man None None Places woman in trusting and dependent role Lactational amenorrhea method (LAM) Uses lactational infertility for protection from pregnancy 1-2% chance of pregnanc y in first 6 months No cost; not coitus linked Temporary method; effective for only 6 months after giving birth None None Mother must breast-feed infant on demand without supplementation for 6 months Male condom Thin sheath placed over an erect penis, blocking sperm 15% Widely available; low cost; physiologically safe Decreased sensation for man; interferes with sexual spontaneity; breakage risk Provides protection against STIs Latex allergy Couple must be instructed on proper use of condom Female condom Polyurethane sheath inserted vaginally to block sperm 21% Use controlled by woman; eliminates postcoital drainage of semen Expensive for frequent use; cumbersome; noisy during sex; for single use only Provides protection against STIs Allergy to polyurethane Couple must be instructed on proper use of condom Diaphragm with spermicide Shallow latex cup with spring mechanism in its rim to hold it in place in the vagina 16% Does not use hormone; considered medically safe; provides some protection against cervical cancer Requires accurate fitting by health care professional; increase in UTIs None
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