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INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY MIDTERM EXAMINATION 1. The sociological perspective helps us to recognize that the lives of individuals are shaped by the forces of society. Explain in a short essay, how the sociological perspective reveals “the general in the particular”. To illustrate, explain how society plays a part in your own decision to attend college. In the United States, from the age of five through sixteen, we are required to attend school full time. Some people further their education by attending a college or university after high school. Many people do well in education, but unfortunately others do not. When a person furthers their education by going on to a college or university, this confirms that they have studied well enough to stay in school and continue their education. Science tells us that if two highly intellectual people have children, their children have a much higher chance of being highly intellectual also. This idea is very similar to having two blue-eyed people producing blue-eyed children. However, this doesn’t always happen. Separately from science, there are many different factors that influence these facts such as the school and friends. However, why do different groups of students consistently do worse than other students in education? For example, working class children , on average, do not do as well as middle class children . On average, black children do not do as well as white children ( Bluhm Morley ). This is proven by statistics on exam results and those pursuing higher education. By using the sociological perspective, we will look at the education School is a miniature society since it stresses that individuals follow rules of conduct so that the organization or school can continue to function and to carry out its responsibilities. Despite a major expansion in student numbers, which has enabled more people from wider backgrounds to take higher education qualifications, students from lower social class backgrounds continue to be under represented. Education conveys general values necessary for homogeneity, the quality of being uniform throughout society in an individualisms role. Marxists further argue that the curriculum reflects a dominant culture, not shared values. Education is, not a preparation for life; Education is life itself. 2. In several sentences, explain the focus of the symbolic-interaction paradigm. The structural-functional and social-conflict paradigms share a macro-level orientation, meaning
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2010 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '10 term at DeVry Buckhead.

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