08_Legal - Legal Issues in Selection 1 Definitions...

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1 Legal Issues in Selection
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2 Definitions Stereotypes A belief that all members of a group share  similar characteristics Prejudice Evaluation of a person based solely on group  membership Discrimination Differential treatment based on group  membership
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3 Definitions Protected Groups Groups that have been identified as having been  previously discriminated against Disparate Impact Employment policies that result in differential  treatment of protected  groups   Intentional discrimination impacting groups differentially Disparate Treatment Employment policies that result in differential  treatment of protected  individuals A member of a protected group is treated differently than  other applicants
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4 Definitions Adverse Impact Discrimination against a protected group,  regardless  of intent Same standards/procedures applied to everyone despite the  fact that they lead to differences in employment outcomes BFOQ Bona fide occupational qualification A defensible reason to discriminate; a legitimate job  requirement Ex: selecting on strength for firefighters, knowing there is  adverse impact for women
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5 4/5-ths Rule Selection of protected groups must be 80%  (4/5ths) of that of the majority group It’s a measure of adverse impact This isn’t overall number of hires, but measured  by the selection ratio Ex: If there are 100 majority applicants and I hire 10  of them (SR=.1), and there are 50 ‘minority’  applicants, I should hire at least 4. (.1 x 50)=5;    (80%) x 5 = 4
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6 Early Civil Rights Acts 1866 Civil Rights Act Gives all citizens the same rights under the  law, including employment contracts. 1871 Civil Rights Act Grants all citizens the right to sue in federal  court if deprived of any rights/laws.
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7 1963 Equal Pay Act Requires equal pay for equal skill, responsibility,  and working conditions Pay based on content, not job title Defined: Compensable Factors Factors for which employers pay compensation Comparable Worth Same pay for comparable work, not equal work Argue that it’s about worth to the employer, not the work  itself
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8 1964 Civil Rights Act
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08_Legal - Legal Issues in Selection 1 Definitions...

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