450 exam 2 study guide F10

450 exam 2 study guide F10 - Socio-Cultural Aspects of...

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Socio-Cultural Aspects of Exercise and Wellness EXW 450 Examination #2 Study Guide Impact of Schools on Nutrition and Physical Activity Behavior 1. Why do peers function as such a powerful force of socialization during adolescence? In what ways do peers potentially influence health behaviors and health outcomes during adolescence? ( Chapter 4 pp. 102-104 ) 1. 2. Be familiar with the health behavior and health outcome trends among children and youth; specifically trends in obesity, disease, sedentary behavior, and diet. ( Chapter 5 pp 141-143). 2. 3. Briefly be able to explain the difference between the school lunch program and “competitive”foods in the school environment. What is the definition of “competitive” foods? (PPT; Schools Foods Sold Outside of Meals p. 1; How Competitive Foods Impact…p. 2) School Lunch Programs – Federal Reimbursable Meals Federal program provides funding / assistance to provide meals at reduced rates / free for low income students Standards set by National School Lunch Program (NSLP) Protein, Vit A, Vit C, Iron, Calcium, Calories Must meet USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans 30% Calories from Fat 10% Calories from Saturated Fat Competitive Foods are foods that “compete” with federally funded meals ( sold outside the federally reimbursable meal programs) i.e. a la carte food lines, vending machines, school stores. - These foods are not required to meet any nutritional guidelines, USDA has very limited authority to regulate these foods. 4. Be able to discuss the impact of competitive foods in the school environment (effect on nutrition and health of students, impact of marketing and commercialism in the schools, economic impact, creation of social divisions). (PPT; Schools Foods Sold Outside of Meals p. 2-4; How Competitive Foods Impact…p. 2-5) Increased sugars from soft drinks- Consumption of additional sugary beverages have been linked to increased risk for obesity and diabetes.
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Increased caloric intake- Students who eat school competitive foods have 20% higher caloric intake and higher fat/sugar consumption. Impact on Youth Health and Nutrition – Comp food consumption has also been found to displace purchase/consumption; Milk and fruits and vegetables. The more vending machines, the less fruit consumed as part of school lunches decreases. Comp food consumption has also been associated with adverse effects on learning and academic performance. School Meal purchases- when comp foods are available in school, participation in school lunch programs declines= decrease youth consuming meals that meet dietary guidelines. Impact of Marketing Vendor contracts have brought ubiquitous marketing and commercialism into the school environment School environment is blanketed with advertising and brand logos Many scholars point out the socializing impact of these contracts: Intent to develop brand loyalty at early ages
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450 exam 2 study guide F10 - Socio-Cultural Aspects of...

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