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CMN Notes - Lecture 1 Speaker encodes Receiver decodes...

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Receiver decodes Speaker encodes Lecture 1 Public speaking situation o 1. Communicative purpose (intent) Inform Persuade Entertain (convey a feeling, not always a good one) o 2. Uninterrupted floor time o 3. 2 + listeners Immediacy effect: message delivered in person is most effective o Makes message seem more important and more real Oral composition: putting our ideas into a form that maximizes benefits and minimizes drawbacks of listening Speech delivery o Extemporaneous delivery: not spontaneous; combination of formal and informal o Formal delivery: read from a manuscript Advantage: control Disadvantages: not flexible, boring, little immediacy o Impromptu delivery: might forget, ramble, repeat We fear public speaking o Confrontation reaction Biological reaction Fight or flight
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People facing you = attack, war By about 90 seconds the brain starts to override confrontation reaction Lecture 2 Message: 1) content, 2) affect, 3) relational Feedback Content is the literal message Affect is the sender’s feelings about the message Relational indicates status and affinity Code o Symbols o Signs No verbal indicators (facial expressions, tone of voice) o Sarcasm: signs don’t match symbols Active listening o 1. Sensing: physical (hearing, seeing) o 2. Attending (focusing and keying) o 3. Understanding (decoding and meaning) o 4. Responding Environment: physical, emotional, social, time Lecture 3: Cicero’s 5 Steps Invention: need to think about general purpose (inform, persuade, and/or entertain), and topic
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