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Unformatted text preview: ECI/ESP 163 – Fall 2010 PAPER #2: Policy Analysis of Electric Vehicles Background California and the US are adopting policies to accelerate the commercialization of electric vehicles (EVs). One important policy in California to support EVs is the Zero Emission Vehicle mandate. In this paper, we focus on a different but related set of policies: greenhouse gas (GHG) performance standards (which are designed to be fully consistent with corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards). California adopted the first GHG standards for vehicles (as part of AB 1493, sometimes referred to as the Pavley standards). For this set of standards, pure battery electric cars in California were initially rated at 130 grams of CO 2-equivalent per mile (gCO 2 e/mi) - compared to 301 gCO 2 e/mi for a comparable 2010 model year gasoline car. The EV emission factor was based on an estimation of EV’s lifecycle GHG emissions on the California grid. In 2009, the US EPA proposed counting EVs as 0 gCO 2 e/mi and giving multiplier bonuses to EVs for model years 2012-2016 as part of their proposed national GHG vehicle standard. CARB disagreed with this approach. When EPA finalized their rulemaking in May 2010, EPA and California compromised. They agreed there would be no multiplier and that only the first 200,000 EVs sold in model years 2012-2016 by each automaker could qualify for the 0 gCO 2 e/mi classification (or 300,000 EVs for automakers that sell 25,000 EVs or more in model year 2012). Paper Topic Now California and EPA are in the process of adopting new standards for 2017 to 2025. Please write a short paper (3 pages MAX, not including references) on your suggested policy treatment of electric vehicles in California and the US within the context of the GHG vehicle standards for the next round of regulations: years 2017 to 2025. CARB is scheduled to vote on this regulation in January 2011. Your job is to advise the CARB board on how to...
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2010 for the course ECI 163 taught by Professor Sperling during the Fall '10 term at UC Davis.
- Fall '10