Lievanos.2010.GIS,+Sociology,+%26+Enviro+Inequality_SAS18+Pres_final

Lievanos.2010.GIS,+Sociology,+%26+Enviro+Inequality_SAS18+Pres_final

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Unformatted text preview: USING GIS AND SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY TO UNDERSTAND ENVIRONMENTAL INEQUALITY IN CALIFORNIAS SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY Raoul S. Livanos, M.A. University of California, Davis Department of Sociology; and Atmospheric Aerosols and Health (AAH) Program, Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources Science and Society 18: Geographic Information Systems and Society University of California, Davis Chem 176 May 6, 2010 1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Organizations: UC Davis Environmental Justice Project UC Davis Center for Regional Change The Ford Foundation UC Davis Atmospheric Aerosols and Health Program UC Toxic Substances Research and Teaching Program Individuals: Amy J. Luebbers, Julie Sze, Jonathan London, Erin Hamilton, Bruce Haynes, Michael McQuarrie, Cort Anastasio, and Tony Wexler 2 ORGANIZATION OF THE TALK Purpose: Use GIS and sociological theory to analyze race- and class-based environmental inequality in Californias San Joaquin Valley 1. Disciplinary Perspective 2. My Research 3. Question and Answer 3 1. Disciplinary Perspective 4 1.1. WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY? The Science of the Social or Society Material and Production Relationships Classical Roots: Karl Marx Moral Relationships Classical Roots: Emile Durkheim Meaningful Relationships Classical Roots: Max Weber Practical Relationships Contemporary Roots : Pierre Bourdieu 5 1.2. WHY SOCIOLOGY? From a sociological perspective, it is never sufficient to point to the environment as having been protected. The question must always be asked, for whom and from whom? 6 1. Schnaiberg (1980:5) quoted in Pellow (2002:1). 1.3. SELECT SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND HEALTH Sociology of the Body and Embodiment Collective Behavior and Social Movements Community and Urban Sociology Environmental Sociology Medical Sociology Organizations, Occupations, and Work Sociology of Knowledge, Science, & Technology Political Sociology Population/Demography Sociology of Race, Class, and Gender 7 1. See the American Sociological Associations website ( www.asanet.org/sections/list.cfm ) for more information on each of its 46 sections, including those listed here. 1.4. SOME RELEVANT LINES OF RESEARCH Environmental Inequality The relationship between the unequal distribution of power and resources and environmental benefits and burdens Environmental inequalities produced through: A socio-historical process Interaction of multiple stakeholders with contradictory and changing interests and allegiances Global patterns of ecologically hazardous production and consumption practices 8 1. Pellow (2000). 1.4. SOME RELEVANT LINES OF RESEARCH Racial and Class Inequality in Urban Environments The declining significance of race : Deindustrialization of the manufacturing-based inner-city has led to: job loss and poverty for inner-city nonwhites, and out-migration of employed and non-poor nonwhites from the inner city.out-migration of employed and non-poor nonwhites from the inner city....
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This note was uploaded on 12/15/2010 for the course SAS SAS 18 taught by Professor Weswallender during the Spring '10 term at UC Davis.

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Lievanos.2010.GIS,+Sociology,+%26+Enviro+Inequality_SAS18+Pres_final

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