Lecture6 - 1 The History and Philosophy of Astronomy...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 The History and Philosophy of Astronomy (Lecture 6: Middle Ages/Islam II) Instructor: Volker Bromm The University of Texas at Austin Department of Astronomy Signature Course UGS 303 (Fall 2009) Medieval Astronomy and Cosmology Middle Ages/Islam I (Sep. 15)- Decline of Western (Mediterranean) Civilization- Early Middle Ages (Dark Ages): 500 1000 AD- Ascendancy of Islamic Astronomy (800 1400 AD)- Preservation and transformation of ancient knowledge Middle Ages/Islam II (Sep. 17)- Recovery of European Civilization- High and Late Middle Ages (c. 1000 1450 AD) - Setting the Stage for the Copernican Revolution - Recasting of the Ancient Tradition Europe Recovers: Later Middle Ages (c. 1000 1450) Romanesque: e.g., Dome in Speyer (1030-1061) Gothic: e.g., Chartres cathedral (1145-1220) Europe Recovers: Later Middle Ages (c. 1000 1450) Art in the Age of Chivalry 2 Europe Recovers: New Spirit of Exploration Marco Polo (1254-1324) Journey to China: 1271-95 Rediscovery of Ancient Knowledge: Arabic Transmission multiple sources: e.g., Spain, Crusades Rediscovery of Ancient Knowledge: - via Moorish Spain Translations: Arabic Latin Later: directly Greek Latin Transfer of know-how:- computation- astrolabes Alhambra, Granada Rediscovery of Ancient Knowledge: - via Crusades Siege of Antioch, 1098 AD Europe becomes aware of high level of Islamic civilization 3 Rediscovery of Ancient Knowledge:...
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2010 for the course UGS 303 taught by Professor Foster during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Lecture6 - 1 The History and Philosophy of Astronomy...

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