The US Constitution Draft I Alidd Ramirez-Mendoza History 1301, History of the United States to 1877 Professor Chacon November 5, 2019
Ramirez-Mendoza ii The Constitution of The United States The Constitution was at first very vague and short when it was first written because The Founding Fathers wanted the Constitution to grow as the country grew. The Constitution has been shaping along with the United States as what it is today. The Constitution is an extremely important document that it divides power between the three different branches of the government. Those branches are the legislative, judicial and executive. In Article III, it’s about the Judicial Power and its role in government. The Supreme Court it’s in charge of all cases affecting ambassadors, states or other public ministers and consults. Also, in charge of cases that involve states with other states or states with citizens. The judicial is the branch is the one who interprets and judges the laws being made, it determines if the laws are constitutional or not. The Supreme Court is the one who settles disputes between states and foreign ambassadors. The executive branch is the one who enforces the laws passed by Congress, appoints and receives ambassadors (representatives of other countries) and the one who negotiates treaties, appoints official and federal judges. The legislative is the most powerful branch out of the three that consists in making laws in America, being on the power of creating a war, creating and collecting taxes, borrowing money and regulating interstate commerce. It could potentially stop laws from being passed and control all the decision government makes or doesn’t make, with a limit. Article I of the Constitution goes over the legislative branch which is in charge to write laws, and it is divided in two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives and the Senate, each writes law, but they have a few key differences. According to Article 1 Section 2, the House of Representatives are elected every two years, and must be at least 25 years old, and have been a citizen of the United States for at least seven years. They must also be a legal resident of the state they are running to represent. Each state is given several seats in the House based on their population, each state is guaranteed to have at least one seat.
Ramirez-Mendoza iii In today’s date the number of seats in the House has grown over time, as more and more have joined the country, but in 1921, the number was frozen at 435 1 , because the House was just getting too big to manage. The presiding officer of the House is called the Speaker of the House and his job is to try to keep order, so laws can be debated and passed.
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- Fall '19
- Separation of Powers, President of the United States, United States Senate, United States House of Representatives