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music outline - Ed Matta Dr Torok Music in the US Music...

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Ed Matta Dr. Torok Music in the US 10/19/10 Music Outline I. Prelude: Basic Properties of Musical Sound A. The Elements of Music 1. Rhythm- having to deal with time relationships in music 2. Melody- a meaningful succession of tones of various levels of pitch 3. Harmony- the sounding of two or more different tones at once in a logical manner 4. Timbre- the characteristic quality of sound of a voice or instrument B. Form 1. Form- a manner in which a piece of music is organized 2. Genre- the kind of category of music in which the piece belongs C. Music Notation 1. Staff- includes five lines and four spaces a. Forms a ladder with each line and space representing a different pitch 2. Rests- notated silences 3. Clef- placed at the beginning of the staff D. Elements of American Sound 1. Style- refers to the manner or mode of expression 2. Syncopation- the anticipation of accented beats II. Chapter 1: North Indian Music A. Songs 1. Unison- songs sung by a solo voice or men and women singing the same notes at the same time 2. Call-and-Response- a solo voice alternating with a chorus of singers 3. Texture- the manner in which melodic lines are used 4. Monophonic- the music texture consisting of one melodic line 5. Heterophonic- the simultaneous sounding of two or more different versions of the same melody. 6. Texts a. Song texts may be in native language or English b. Vocables- texts that are simply in a series of constant vowel clusters c. Falsetto- the singing voice above the normal range B. Sound Instruments 1. Navajo Flutes were the primary melody-playing Native American instrument a. Usually made of cedar wood and carved and decorated b. Sometimes used as a courting instrument c. Rarely heard during the first three quarters of the 20 th century 2. Percussion Instruments a. Container rattles were popular b. Produced a continuous sound c. Used for sacred ceremonies 3. Rasps
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a. Percussion instruments normally made from a long stick of wood into which notches have been carved, are rubbed with another stick or a piece of bone to make a rasping sound b. To amplify the sound, the rasp may be placed on an inverted basket or on a piece of hide over an open hole in the ground. 4. Drums a. Carry great importance to the Indian culture b. Most are made of wood III. Chapter 2: Early Folk Music A. Spanish Traditions 1. Alabados a. Spanish hymn or religious song b. Became a part of a thriving Spanish folk tradition c. Project the profound loneliness of the beautiful but remote regions inhabited by those who sing them d. Related musically to the chants of the Roman Catholic Church e. May be sung by a solo voice or lead singer 2. Corridos a. Ballets- storytelling songs b. Corridos- relate the unofficial history of Mexican or Mexican American communities and their heros c.
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