Unformatted text preview: States of Consciousness
Matthew Sorley Carleton University 1 Do You Get Enough Sleep? Do Answer the following questions with yes or no: I need an alarm clock to wake me up at the appropriate time. appropriate It’s a struggle for me to get out of bed in the morning. morning. I feel tired, irritable, and stressed out during the week. week. I have trouble concentrating. have I have trouble remembering. have I feel slow with critical thinking, problem solving, and being creative. being 2 I often fall asleep watching TV. often But Wait, There’s More… But
I often fall asleep in boring meetings or lectures in warm rooms. warm I often fall asleep after heavy meals or after low doses of alcohol. of I often fall asleep within 5 minutes of getting into bed. bed. I often feel drowsy while driving. often I often sleep extra hours on weekend mornings. often I often need a nap to get through the day. often I have dark circles around my eyes. Counthavenumber of times that you answered yes the . 3 Key Questions How do our daily cycles affect our How psychology? psychology? What are the different stages of sleep? Why do we sleep? Why do we dream? Why What do our dreams mean? How do chemicals such as psychoactive How drugs alter our sense of awareness? drugs
4 Circadian Rhythms 24-hour biological 24-hour cycle cycle Suprachiasmatic Suprachiasmatic nucleus nucleus Regulates Regulates melatonin levels melatonin 5 Circadian Rhythms
Body temp change Plasma melatonin Alertness Time of day
6 Circadian Rhythms Circadian Consequences of desynchronization
Air travel Shift work Daylight savings time? Illness, drugs, exercise, fatigue, etc. 7 Jet Lag Jet Vancouver (PST) Halifax (AST) 8 Jet Lag Jet 9 Early Birds and Night Owls Grade 8 am classes Later classes
10 Seasonal Affective Disorder 11 Sleep Nathaniel Kleitman Father of modern Father sleep research sleep First to conduct First systematic investigations of sleep investigations Established key Established methods of data gathering gathering Lived to be 104!
12 Stages of Sleep 13 Rapid Eye Movement (REM) Physiological changes “Paradoxical sleep” REM paralysis Dream issues REM rebound 14 Sleep Cycle 15 Our Sleep Life 16 Why Do We Sleep? Christopher Evans (1984): Christopher “The behavior patterns associated with sleep are glaringly, almost insanely, at odds with common sense.” odds Restoration model Evolutionary/circadian Evolutionary/circadian models models 17 Evolutionary Models Evolutionary Vs. 18 To Sleep, Perchance to Dream Sigmund Freud Psychoanalytic theory “Royal road to the Royal unconscious” unconscious” Wish fulfillment Manifest and latent Manifest content content Dream work Dream interpretation Remember the Remember sample sample
19 More Dream Theories Problem-focused Problem-focused (Cartwright) (Cartwright) Mental housekeeping Mental (Hobson) (Hobson) Consolidation Activation synthesis Activation (Hobson & McCarley) (Hobson Newer models and Newer integration integration Dream diary 20 Activation Synthesis Activation 21 Sleep Disorders Insomnia Sleep apnea Narcolepsy Nightmares Night terrors Sleepwalking Sleepwalking (somnambulism) (somnambulism)
22 Sleep Apnea Sleep 23 Sleep Apnea My buddy “Ozner” at Disneyworld CPAP 24 Narcolepsy 25 Narcolepsy Narcolepsy Sergio Kindle – Baltimore Ravens (NFL) 2010 draft pick 26 Consciousness-altering Drugs Psychoactive drugs Physical dependence Tolerance Withdrawal Psychological dependence
27 Depressants Alcohol Barbiturates Tranquilizers Opiates
28 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 29 Stimulants Amphetamines
Methamphetamine Crystal meth Fergie & crystal meth: "It was the hardest boyfriend I ever had to break up with" MDMA (Ecstasy) Cocaine Caffeine Nicotine
30 Normal Cocaine Faces of Meth Faces 31 Crockett and Tubbs In stores now! 32 Psychedelics/Hallucinogens LSD Mescaline Psilocybin Marijuana?
Psychedelic self (Taeger)
33 Substance Use: Canadian Youth Substance % of Youth Consuming Drug During Lifetime
Canadian Addiction Survey 34 Historical Perspectives 35 Historical Perspectives 36 Historical Perspectives Historical 37 Historical Perspectives 38 Historical Perspectives 39 Historical Perspectives Historical 40 Historical Perspectives 41 ...
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