Psyc Midterm Notes

Psyc Midterm Notes - Chapter1: IvanPavlov1849 1011119:17AM...

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Chapter 1: Evolution of Psychology 10-11-11 9:17 AM Ivan Pavlov 1849,  Research on associative learning and digestion, led to the discovery of  condition  reflex. William Wundt  1879, fist laboratory research for psychology Believed that psychologies main focus was  “consciousness” G. Stanley Hall  Developed first American lab 1883 Established American Psychology Association Structuralism       Analyze psychology into its basic elements How theses elements are related Structuralists depend on method of introspection (the careful, systematic,  self- observation of one’s own conscious experience Leadership of  Edward Titchener Functionalism –      William James     Function or purpose of consciousness 
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Natural Selection – heritable characteristics that provide a survival or  reproductive advantage to be passed on to subsequent generations.  Wanted to understand  stream of consciousness Behaviourism:      John B Watson      (1878-1958)     Founder of behaviourism  Psychology-  scientific study of behaviour Observable response to activities “stimulus response approach” consciousness  Sigmund Freud (1856-1958): Austria     Psychoanalytic school of thought Emphasis on  unconscious processes influencing behaviour Thoughts, memories and desires, below conscious awareness Exert great influence on behaviour Says, “we are slaves to early state of life” Superego –  our internal moral development. Developed in early childhood  influences Ego –  is the opposite Cognition     Mental processes involve acquiring knowledge
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1950’s and 60’s  Piaget, Chomsky, and Simon Biological Perspectives     behavior explained in terms physiological processes James Olds  (1956) Electrical stimulation of the brain evokes emotional responses in animals The Seven Major Research Areas in Psychology      Developmental Psychology Human development across a life span Social Psychology  Focuses on interpersonal behaviour as well as the forces that govern it Topics include:  aggression, attraction, attitude change, intimate relationships Experimental Psychology Focuses on traditional core of topics Sensation perception, learning, conditioning, motivation and emotion
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Physiological Psychology  influence of genetic factors on behaviour  roles of the brain, nervous system, endocrine and bodily chemicals regulation of behaviour   Cognitive Psychology Focuses on “higher mental processes Like: memory, reasoning, information processing, language, problem solving, 
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Psyc Midterm Notes - Chapter1: IvanPavlov1849 1011119:17AM...

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