11-30-2010 - Abnormal Psychology

11-30-2010 - Abnormal Psychology - Note Pool: PERSONALITY...

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Note Pool: PERSONALITY Social-Cognitive Theories: -focus on depression: “I can’t get the answer right, so I won’t even put my hand up” -learn from experience that when these events occur -(dogs that were shocked uncontrollably couldn’t do anything about it, and they wouldn’t jump over the barrier because they already knew that there was no response possible to remove the shocks) -Learned helplessness -Seligman -Locus of Control (Internal and external) -Rotter -Internal- something happens in the world, you take responsibility for it. Claims even if it’s not accurate with blaming oneself, it was a way of putting yourself against depression, (Too overcome this: feel as if you’re in control) -External- someone who can’t accept that there are millions of things in the world that can come in between you and what you want, and this leads to depression. Instead of understanding that it is possible to go through these things, they just assume it is too tough. -Self Efficacy -Bandura -The ability to have an effect -might feel like it doesn’t matter how much they study for a test, they will do bad no matter what Trait Theories: (psychometrics—questionnaires) Attempt to boil a person to their innate traits -Cattell -invented widely first used personality questionnaire -source traits (nice) all the traits clustered together -surface traits (friendly, compassionate, caring) -he went through the dictionary, and found every adjective in the dictionary, and through analysis they weeded out other words that were redundant. -found about 175 adjectives and put together a questionnaire using these -L-data-list of surface traits -Q-data-brought in the person described in the test, and this person filled out the questionnaire about himself as well -did a type of correlation called a “factor analysis” and this showed all the words that were clustered together -finds that there are 16 different source traits -Lead to the development of the questionnaire called 16PF -Eysenck -identified 3 different types of personality based on body type: ectomorph, mesomorph, endomorph -ectomorph: super skinny person
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11-30-2010 - Abnormal Psychology - Note Pool: PERSONALITY...

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