mcch4 - Chapter Four: Roles and Identities 1. Roles and...

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Chapter Four: Roles and Identities 1. Roles and identities are the main ways in which social structure: a. frees us from social norms b. *constrains us c. remains invisible d. none of the above 2. What is the principal point of disagreement between different theoretical perspectives or paradigms with regard to roles and identities? a. whether or not roles are imposed on people from above b. whether or not roles are invented and negotiated from below c. whether roles precede identities or identities precede roles e. all of the above 3. Identities: a. *concern the way we announce ourselves to others b. only apply to occupational roles c. function independently of social roles d. none of the above 4. Social roles involve: a. normative expectations b. identities c. statuses d. *all of the above 5. To view role enactment structurally means focusing upon: a. the dynamic nature of role playing b. the way that role playing is open to negotiation c. *the way the role playing is subject to fixed expectations e. none of the above 6. The sense of identity we get from the roles we play: a. normally contradicts role expectations b. *allows us to act in ways that are coherent and purposeful c. is a major source of social insecurity d. none of the above 7. What is the relationship between roles and statuses? a. *statuses are positions in the social structure that correspond to roles b. status is the term that the functionalist perspective uses to refer to roles c. status only refers to those social roles that do not change over time d. none of the above 8. In the functionalist perspective, status: a. implies different levels of prestige or esteem b. refers to roles that never change c. means a position to which specific rights and duties are attached e. none of the above 9. Which aspect or aspects of roles and identities would a functionalist sociologist focus upon?
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a. the way they are constantly negotiated in social interaction b. *the way they constrain the individuals to act, think, or feel c. the way they are a source of social conflict d. all of the above 10. According to Talcott Parsons, social order and stability result from: a. class inequality b. *common values c. the way that social interaction is always open to negotiation d. none of the above 11. According to the functionalist perspective, rule breaking behaviour results from: a. abnormal psychology b. class inequality c. *inadequate socialization d. all of the above 12. According to Robert Merton, status sets: a. *are the specific collections of statuses we occupy b. are the same as role sets c. are statuses that are fixed and unchanging d. none of the above 13. The term role set refers to: a. roles that are fixed and unchanging b. any role that has no corresponding status c. the sequence of roles that we play over the course of a lifetime d. *none of the above 14. The status that tells us the most about someone is known as: a. primary status b. dominant status c. *master status
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mcch4 - Chapter Four: Roles and Identities 1. Roles and...

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