mcch9 - Chapter Nine: Work and the Economy 1. Hunting and...

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Chapter Nine: Work and the Economy 1. Hunting and gathering economies are characterized by: a. subsistence production b. market exchange c. foraging d. all of the above 2. Production in hunting and gathering societies is primarily for: a. the accumulation of an economic surplus b. market exchange c. *immediate consumption 3. The division of labour in hunting and gathering societies: a. *is based on sex and age b. is the basis for extensive social inequality c. is completely non-existent d. none of the above 4. Agricultural societies are characterized by: a. a nomadic way of life b. *animal breeding and crop cultivation c. the absence of market exchange d. all of the above 5. In agricultural societies: a. *work is organized around the family household b. family and work are differentiated institutionally c. work was organized completely according to the needs of the market d. none of the above 6. Which of the following is characteristic of a capitalist economic system? a. private ownership of the means of production b. an economy driven by profit-making c. competitive market relations d. *all of the above 7. Which of the following is/are an example(s) of the means of production? a. a car that you use only for recreational driving b. a car that you use to drive to and from work as well as for recreational purposes c. *a car that you use as a taxi in order to make a living d. none of the above 8. In a capitalist society, work is organized: a. in terms of the interdependent, collective labour of household members b. *on the basis of market exchange relations between workers and owners of the means of production c. primarily for the purpose of fulfilling people’s everyday needs d. none of the above 9. The laissez-faire system refers to: a. a freely competitive market economy
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b. organizing work on the basis of workers’ own preferences and beliefs c. little or no government interference in the economy 10. The term industrial society refers to: a. *a society whose economy relies on machine technology b. the same thing as capitalist society c. a society where everyone works in the manufacturing sector of the economy d. all of the above 11. The growth of factory-based work in the early stages of industrialization was associated with: a. the concentration of larger groups of workers in one workplace b. a more specialized division of labour c. the organization of work on the basis of time discipline d. *all of the above 12. During the period of industrial capitalism: a. economic inequalities and class conflict diminished b. *many women continued to work in the home or as domestics in private households c. the majority of women began to work in factories d. none of the above 13. The stage of economic development that occurred between the late 19th and mid 20th centuries is known as: a. laissez-faire capitalism b. family capitalism c. *corporate capitalism d. none of the above 14. What is the defining characteristic of a corporation?
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This note was uploaded on 12/16/2010 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Barrym during the Fall '09 term at Waterloo.

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mcch9 - Chapter Nine: Work and the Economy 1. Hunting and...

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