mcch12 - Chapter 12: Politics and Political Movements 1....

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Chapter 12: Politics and Political Movements 1. From a sociological perspective, politics refers to the process whereby: a. social solidarity is reinforced through conformity with norms and values b. *individuals and groups have to promote their interests, often in conflict with others c. individuals participate in the democratic election of their leaders d. none of the above 2. According to Weber, power is defined as: a. *the ability of individuals or groups to achieve their objectives, despite opposition b. the use of force to constrain another person c. the ability to persuade another to act more rationally d. none of the above 3. Power typically becomes concentrated because: a. humans are naturally aggressive b. we depend on wealth, and wealth becomes concentrated because of greed c. *some people consistently have greater discretion in controlling what others do d. none of the above 4. Politics is: a. the process of mobilizing the capacity to act in the desired way b. most visible when it involves struggle between opposing forces c. evident in what people do to avoid conflict and maintain their power d. *all of the above 5. Power is difficult to challenge because: a. people prefer to conform to the status quo b. *the mobilization of power is often covert c. people are generally indifferent to politics d. none of the above 6. Sociologists use the term ________ to refer to power that is seen as legitimate by those subject to it: a. political power b. influence c. *authority d. none of the above 7. According to Weber, _________ is evident when people obey because that is the way things have always been done: a. *traditional authority b. routine authority c. customary authority d. none of the above 8. Charismatic authority, according to Weber, rests on: a. the power of legal sanctions b. custom or convention c. influence deriving from knowledge or expertise e. *none of the above 9. Under what conditions does traditional authority becomes more secure?
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a. when it is implemented through the use of physical force b. *when it is based on the belief that it derives from some revered spiritual source c. when it is combined with monarchy e. none of the above 10. Which of the following is/are characteristic of charismatic authority? a. charismatic leaders are innovative b. charismatic leaders avoid the use of physical force c. charismatic authority is fragile e. none of the above 11. What does Weber call the kind of authority that is based on formally established rules, procedures, and expertise? a. institutional authority b. bureaucratic authority c. *legal-rational authority d. none of the above 12. Which of the following exercises charismatic authority? a. a medical doctor
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This note was uploaded on 12/16/2010 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Barrym during the Fall '09 term at Waterloo.

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mcch12 - Chapter 12: Politics and Political Movements 1....

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