mcch13 - Chapter Thirteen: Social Movements 1. Because they...

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Chapter Thirteen: Social Movements 1. Because they are social groups, social movements: a. may take a direction contrary to members’ wishes b. may even betray their supporters by adapting to the dominant social system c. may say things that do not reflect their members’ attitudes d. *all of the above e. none of the above 2. In an ideal-typical sense, social movements comprise: a. people with any social identity b. those with grievances that are not defined in terms of social class c. *non-elite members of society d. none of the above 3. _________ refer to the outcome of social values: a. *social goods b. social trends c. social resources d. none of the above 4. Ideologies: a. represent ideas and beliefs that are not part of mainstream culture b. *justify how social goods are distributed c. are political rather than cultural belief systems e. none of the above 5. _________ challenge the justice of the existing social system: a. marginal ideologies b. dominant ideologies c. *counter-ideologies d. all of the above 6. The efforts of social movements are usually focused on changing: a. attitudes b. everyday practices c. the policies and practices of government and business d. *all of the above 7. How is a social trend distinct from a social movement? a. trends are random and defy sociological explanation b. trends have cultural rather than political implications c. *trends are changes in behaviour that do not entail co-operative effort d. none of the above 8. The organized attempt to encourage consumers to buy clothes that are not made in sweatshops is an example of: a. a social trend b. *a social movement c. a social process d. none of the above 9. How are social movements and pressure groups distinguished from one another?
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a. pressure groups are only one type of social movement b. *social movements are only one type of pressure group c. pressure groups are organized whereas social movements are not d. none of the above 10. Interest groups are distinct from social movements because they: a. restrict membership b. rely on professional staff rather than volunteers c. are not concerned with social goods or values 11. How do voluntary associations differ from social movements? a. unlike social movements, voluntary associations aim to influence large institutions, especially governments b. voluntary associations rely on volunteers whereas social movements do not c. *not all voluntary associations seek change in the distribution of social goods d. all of the above e. none of the above 12. In contrast to social movements, political parties: a. *try to win and keep political power b. are motivated by ideological concerns c. aim to bring about changes in the distribution of social goods e. none of the above 13. The emergence of counter-movements depends on: a. finding the existing distribution of social goods unjust b. seeing other social movement goals as threatening c. the availability of allies to support counter-movement activities
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This note was uploaded on 12/16/2010 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Barrym during the Fall '09 term at Waterloo.

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mcch13 - Chapter Thirteen: Social Movements 1. Because they...

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