mcch14 - Chapter Fourteen: Class and Status Inequality 1....

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Chapter Fourteen: Class and Status Inequality 1. Lay conceptions of social classes tend to define it in terms of: a. upbringing b. *income c. cultural tastes d. none of the above 2. Sociologist define social class in relation to: a. occupational prestige b. financial assets c. *paid work d. none of the above 3. The term false consciousness refers to: a. lay concepts of social class b. members of the middle-class who are unaware of their privileged position in society c. recognizing that the reasons people state for their actions are seldom the truth d. *none of the above 4. To understand inequality from the viewpoint of social structure means explaining poverty in terms of: a. individual laziness and lack of initiative b. the negative effects of socialization c. *the lack of opportunity e. all of the above 5. In the Communist Manifesto , Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels discuss class relations in terms of: a. *antagonism and struggle b. inequalities that result from paid work c. differences in income level d. none of the above 6. According to Marx and Engels, social-class relations under capitalism differ from those found in earlier types of society because: a. they are increasingly determined by money not land b. *capitalist society is increasingly divided into two great classes c. they are increasingly based on antagonism rather than simply inequality d. none of the above 7. According to the Marxist perspective, the various rights and powers over productive resources refer to: a. *the relations of production b. the relations of distribution c. the relations of status inequality d. all of the above 8. For Marx and the Marxists, a person’s class position is defined in terms of his/her: a. relationship to the labour market b. ability to consume c. *relationship to the means of production d. all of the above e. none of the above
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9. What term do Marxists use to refer to those who own the means of production in capitalist society? a. the shareholder class b. the executive class c. the business class d *none of the above 10. Those who do not own the means of production must ____________ in order to survive: a. sell their labour b. *sell their labour power c. acquire an education d. none of the above 11. For Marxists, _________ is the central feature of class relations: a. *exploitation b. economic inequality c. market situation d. all of the above 12. According to Wright, the inverse interdependence principle refers to: a. the gendered nature of class relations b. the fact that status inequalities often counteract class inequalities c. *the fact that one group’s welfare depends on the material deprivation of another group d. none of the above 13. Wright’s exclusion principle is a consequence of: a. unequal access to education and training b. the fact that the labour market can never provide enough jobs for everyone c. *property rights e. none of the above 14. For Marxists, the capitalist class takes possession of the output of the labour of the working
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This note was uploaded on 12/16/2010 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Barrym during the Fall '09 term at Waterloo.

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mcch14 - Chapter Fourteen: Class and Status Inequality 1....

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