Mcch19 - Chapter Nineteen Cities and Urbanization 1 Which of the following would fall outside the field of urban sociology a shopping malls as a

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Chapter Nineteen: Cities and Urbanization 1. Which of the following would fall outside the field of urban sociology? a. shopping malls as a site for youth subculture b. traffic congestion as a source of road rage c. variations in crime rates my neighbourhood e. *none of the above 2. Sociologists agree that _________ is the best theoretical perspective for understanding urban life: a. subcultural theory b. structural analysis c. multiple nuclei theory d. *none of the above—there is no one best theory 3. The development of the first cities depended on: a. *the production of an agricultural surplus in the rural sector b. the development of the factory system of manufacturing c. a decline in the demand for agricultural labour e. none of the above 4. Which technological development(s) enabled the growth of the first cities? a. irrigation b. bronze metallurgy c. wheel-based land transportation d. *all of the above 5. Increasing division of labour associated with the development of the first cities gave rise to: a. the development of formal education b. *the development of vertical stratification c. an end to the use of slave labour d. none of the above 6. Horizintal stratification refers to: a. the development of occupational associations such as labour unions b. inequalities of power and prestige that develop within particular occupations or professions c. *the specialization of work roles at the same level of power and prestige 7. From the outset, cities had: a. socially homogeneous populations b. socially diverse populations c. relations with the rest of society that were often coercive d. all of the above 8. In the early city it took _________ workers in agriculture to feed each urbanite: a. 20–30 b. *50–90 c. 120–150 d. more than 150
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9. Archeological evidence suggests that for the first few thousand years after the initial appearance of cities, average city population was: a. *between 5,000 and 30,000 people b. between 50,000 and 65,000 people c. between 80,000 and 100,000 people d. over 100,000 people 10. What factor(s) limited the size of early cities? a. distances over which of food could be transported b. distances over which coercion could be extended c. the state of sanitation and public health d. *all of the above 11. By 500 BC Athens had grown to a size of: a. about 65,000 inhabitants b. about 110,000 inhabitants c. *about 150,000 inhabitants d. more than 200,000 inhabitants 12. The defining characteristic of industrial technology is: a. a highly trained workforce b. the application of knowledge c. *inanimate sources of energy d. none of the above 13. Technological improvements in agriculture that accompanied industrialization also contributed to urbanization by: a. *creating a surplus of agricultural workers who moved to the cities in search of industrial jobs b. creating class distinctions that were reflected in the differentiation of urban neighbourhoods c. making agricultural workers more skilled and less interested in agrarian work
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This note was uploaded on 12/16/2010 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Barrym during the Fall '09 term at Waterloo.

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Mcch19 - Chapter Nineteen Cities and Urbanization 1 Which of the following would fall outside the field of urban sociology a shopping malls as a

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