mcch22 - Chapter Twenty-two: Sociological Theory 1. Science...

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Chapter Twenty-two: Sociological Theory 1. Science is characterized by: a. intuitive methods of analysis b. uniform ways of knowing based on the natural sciences c. *systematic methods of observation d. all of the above 2. Assumptions that scientists make about what they study are assumptions about: a. *ontology b. epistemology c. theoretical perspective d. none of the above 3. In the basic sense, the separation of natural-physical and social-cultural sciences reflects: a. epistemological differences b. *different ontological realities c. different concepts of validity and reliability d. none of the above 4. Natural phenomena are objective in the sense that their properties: a. lack a subjective dimension b. are unaffected by the process of scientific inquiry c. occur by necessity or circumstance e. none of the above 5. In what way(s) do social and natural phenomena differ? a. social phenomena cannot be broken down into their component parts b. social phenomena are unaffected by the process of scientific inquiry c. natural phenomena are unaffected by the process of scientific inquiry e. *none of the above 6. To state that whenever the temperature drops below 0 degrees Celsius water changes state from liquid to solid is to give an explanation of: a. *universal deductive scope b. probabilistic scope c. context-dependent scope e. none of the above 7. Which of the following is/are an example of the subjective dimension of social phenomena? a. belief b. desire c. motive d. *all of the above e. none of the above 8. Why is it more difficult for social scientists to maintain objectivity and value neutrality? a. social science has a shorter history than natural science b. *social scientists are part of the reality they study c. natural phenomena are unaffected by the process of scientific inquiry d. none of the above
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9. What is the epistemic advantage of social science? a. social phenomena are unaffected by the process of scientific inquiry b. social scientists can legitimately study how natural scientists work c. *social scientists can capture the intersubjectivity of social phenomena d. none of the above 10. Sociologists who believe that collective concepts such as society are figures of speech rather than objective realities subscribe to: a. *a nominalist ontology b. a linguistic epistemology c. reductionist realism d. none of the above 11. The doctrine of emergence maintains that: a. the social sciences emerged out of the natural sciences b. sociological explanations should break collective concepts down to their constituent parts c. sociological theories emerge out of the research process d. *none of the above 12. Symbolic interactionists generally adopt a ____________ ontology: a. social realist b. emergent c. *nominalist e. none of the above 13. Social realists argue that explaining social phenomena in terms of individual behaviour: a. fails to provide scientific insight into the subjective dimension of those phenomena
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mcch22 - Chapter Twenty-two: Sociological Theory 1. Science...

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