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GEOG 102 Ch.4 Culture - 2 Folk Popular Culture Terms Folk...

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1 1 Folk and Popular Culture Origin & Diffusion of Folk & Popular Culture Distributions of Folk & Popular Culture Globalization 2 Folk & Popular Culture: Terms HABIT “a repetitive act that a particular individual performs” CUSTOM “a repetitive act of a group , performed to the extend that it becomes characteristic of the group” CULTURE “a collection of social customs” 3 Folk vs. Popular Culture falls into two categories, mostly based on scale : FOLK CULTURE Small, fairly homogenous groups Today, mostly isolated in rural areas POPULAR CULTURE Large, heterogeneous groups Widespread, urban 4 Origins Every social custom develops in a particular place – a hearth . Folk customs usually have anonymous origins – they come from unknown places (sometimes more than one place), at unknown times. Popular customs are usually the product of developed countries, and their origins are often well known. 5 Origins: Folk Customs Folk Music Every culture develops its own unique music. Folk Art In many cultures the distinction between “art” and “everyday object” is unclear – decoration is “just the way things are done.” Folk Housing Must be made from locally available building materials. Distinctive forms – there is no “perfect” house design. “Folk Food” People adapt their food preferences based on the environment – BUT beliefs and values strongly influence diet. Folk Sports People everywhere enjoy recreation – many places have developed unique forms of recreation and sports. Folk Beliefs How does the world work? How should we behave? 6 Folk Music Usually composed anonymously . Usually transmitted orally. Content usually comes from everyday events in people’s lives. Hearths, American country music African mbira Sources: http://helixmusic.com.au/posters/mbira.htm; http://www.amol.org.au/; http://www.calacademy.org/calwild/sum98/horizons.htm; see also http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080704130439.htm Australian didgeridoo Possible Paleolithic flute, dated to 43,000 BCE
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2 7 Folk Art Frequently, folk art pieces are “traditional”; there is no known designer, no “artist” – just craftspeople. Often the “art” is just included as part of a traditional way of making something – not specifically made as “art.” Source: http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/iadpenn/iadpenn-29268.0.html Pennsylvania Dutch blanket chest 8 Folk Art: Clothes & Fabrics Folk cultures often have distinctive styles of fabric and clothing. Sometimes the styles are so distinct that it’s possible to determine precisely which community a particular piece of fabric comes from. Map of rug weaving styles on the Navajo Reservation Source: http://www.collectibletreasuresblog.com/white-weaver-of-navajo-rug-weaving 9 Folk Housing Folk housing has several fundamental characteristics: It must deal adequately with the physical environment.
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