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Govemeuinternationalpetroleuhtmlreserves 23

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Unformatted text preview: ive Sources of Energy Non-Renewable Source: http://www.energy.ca.gov/lng/faq.html; http://www.energiacostaazul.com.mx/English/constructionupdate.htm; http://www.energy.ca.gov/lng/documents/costa_azul/2007-01-18_GOVERNORS_LNG_TASK_FORCE_BRIEFING.PDF Coal Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/international/petroleu.html#Reserves 23 This is Sempra Energy’s new Energía Costa Azul facility near Ensenada, Mexico. It should begin operation soon, and can process one billion cubic feet/day. Other Renewable Energy Sources – – – – – – Wind Waves Hydroelectric Biomass Nuclear Fusion Others? • Passive • Active – Heat conversion – Indirect electric – Photovoltaic 24 Problems With Other Fossil Fuels Alternative fossil fuels have all the inherent problems of more conventional fossil fuels. They also have two major problems: – They are usually not economical to extract at current prices. – We aren’t sure how to extract or process them yet. Sources: http://www.eere.energy.gov/kids/roofus/solar_panels.html; http://ostseis.anl.gov/guide/oilshale/index.cfm; http://www.anl.gov/Media_Center/logos22-1/hydrogen.htm; http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/pdf/smith_may10.pdf 4 25 Problems with Nuclear Power 26 Nuclear Power Production 28 Nuclear Power in the U.S. Worldwide, nuclear power produces about 6% of the world’s electricity (the amount varies – 75% of the electricity in Lithuania and France comes from nuclear power). Nuclear power also varies in the US – 18 states have no nuclear power, but it supplies more than half the electricity in New Hampshire and Vermont) Problems with nuclear power: Chernobyl, Ukraine – – – – – Accidents Waste and waste storage Bomb material (nuclear and “dirty” bombs) Non-renewable – limited fuel supply High cost Source: http://www.hf.faa.gov/webtraining/Controls/ControlsFinal022.htm 27 Nuclear Energy Consumption, 2005 From the BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2006. See http://www.bp.com/sectiongenericarticle.do?catego...
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