modterm notes - Germany is a federal republic that is a...

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Germany is a federal republic that is a representative parliamentary democracy. In Germany’s system the head of government, the position of chancellor, is also the leader of the party who leads in the Bundestag. Germany’s system, although resembling the systems of Japan and Britain, shows a contrasting view of the United States ideal of Seperation of Powers. Governmental political structures share similarities and differences including the example of head of government as well as the institutions of a particular democracy. Political Scientist Arend Lijphart example consists of Britain displays a Westminster Model of democracy where the majority rules whereas countries such as Switzerland and Belgium practice the Consensus model of democracy. Lijphart explains Germany as a democratic system that has adopted institutions from both these models. Lijphart view of Germany’s political framework can be understood through examining Germany’s institutions of the electoral sytems, party systems, and social cleavages and apply them to the majority and consensus models. With Lijpharts analysis of Germany’s democracy we can relate it to countries who have similar or opposing institutions and form and analysis of its usefulness based on a countries current political positioning. The Majoritarian Model is winner takes all ideal, “government by the majority of the people. It argues that majorities should govern and minorities should oppose.” A consensus model democracy will make claims against the majoritarian model by pointing out its undemocratic principles of exclusion. Germany’s Free Democratic Party is small in comparison to the dominating Christian Democratic Union and Social Democratic Party of Germany still hold important roles by contributing members in the Bundestag since 1949 when both bigger parties have had chancellors ruling since. 8 Since 1949, dominated by the Christian Democratic Union and the Social Democratic Party of Germany with all chancellors hitherto being member of either party. the smaller liberal Free Democratic Party (which has had members in the Bundestag
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2010 for the course POLT 407 taught by Professor Siggelakis during the Fall '10 term at New Hampshire.

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modterm notes - Germany is a federal republic that is a...

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