shock, SIRS, and MOD review answers.doc - SHOCK SIRS and...

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SHOCK, SIRS, and MODS REVIEW ANSWERS Matching Exercises 1. c 2. h 3. j 4. e 5. a 6. b 7. i 8. d 9. g 10. f True/False 1. T 2. T 3. T 4. T 5. T 6. F 7. T 8. T 9. F 10. T Short Answer/Fill-in Questions 1. a. Systemic vasodilation b. Increased capillary permeability c. Bronchoconstriction d. Coronary vasoconstriction e. Cutaneous reactions 2. a. Vasodilators (e.g., nitroprusside) b. Mechanical support devices (e.g., intra-aortic balloon pump, left ventricular assist device) 3. a. Crystalloid solutions b. Isotonic solutions (e.g., lactated Ringer’s solution, 0.9% normal saline solution) c. Blood products (e.g., packed RBCs, whole blood) d. Other colloid solutions (e.g., albumin, synthetic volume expanders)
4. a. Deficient fluid volume related to active loss from vascular compartment secondary to increased capillary permeability and shift of intravascular volume into interstitial spaces b. Decreased cardiac output related to altered preload (early stage) secondary to effects of

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