Long Term Memory F09

Long Term Memory F09 - Long Term Memory Forgetting Sins of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Means of LTM Forgetting A. Decay_________???? 1. Ebbinghaus’s Forgetting Curve Information that is unused will be a. harder to retrieve over time; b. fades in intensity depicts (from bottom to top) Recall, Recognition, Relearning curves Page 1 of 13
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
B. Interference 1. most researchers now think that interference is a bigger____________ detriment to memory retrieval than is decay a. Proactive Interference i. earlier information interferes with learning or retrieval of later information Class ___ Class ___B ii. “d_____________ memory” or “i_________________ forgetting” helps prevent proactive interference b. Retroactive Interference i. later information interferes with retrieval of earlier information Class __ Class __ e.g., Jenkins & Dallenbach (1924) found that subjects remembered ______ items from a list after _______________________ than after going about their daily business Very Long-Term Memory Real life memory for a__________________, semantic, and procedural memory The issue of e_____________ v_______________ A__________________ Memories 1. 400 subjects, age 17-74 on memories of people in high school graduating class. Retention interval ranged from 3 months to 47 years. 2. Tasks tested: a. Free Recall of classmate names b. Picture Cuing (recall name from photos) c. Picture Matching (6 photos to 1 name) d. Name Matching (6 names to 1 photo) e. Picture Recognition of Faces Page 2 of 13
Background image of page 2
f. Name Recognition 3. FINDINGS : Recall of names was __% of graduating class 3 months after graduation; __ after 48 years. Cued recall with photographs was approximately the same. Recognition memory for names & faces, however, was __% after a 3 month interval. Name recognition did not noticeably decline for __ years; Face recognition did not drop below __% until after 35 years. 4. Explanations: a. Picture Superiority Effect b. O___________ : multiple exposures above what is needed to learn new info Compare: college professors failed to recognize names and faces of students __ years after teaching them (typically in only a single class). c. D______________________ : Information learned over longer intervals is better remembered than that learned in a single session 5. P_______________ : the relatively permanent information that remains after 3-5 years. The first few years show the steepest decline in memory Declarative/Procedural Knowledge A. Cognitive Psychology 1. Cognitive Psychology students enrolled in the Open University 1978-1989 were tested in 6 topic areas: a. Research Methods b. Language c. Memory d. Problem Solving e. Artificial Intelligence Page 3 of 13
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 13

Long Term Memory F09 - Long Term Memory Forgetting Sins of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online