The following is an excerpt from the sermon delivered by John Winthrop
the first of many ships bringing Puritans to New
England, in 1630.
According to Winthrop, what is the purpose of the
Puritans’ voyage to the New World?
John Winthrop, “A Model of Christian Charity” (1630)
God almighty in His most holy and wise providence hath so disposed of the
condition of mankind, as in all times some must be rich, some poor, some
high and eminent in power and dignity, others mean and in subjection.
Reason: First, to hold conformity with the rest of His works, being delighted
to show forth the glory of His wisdom in the variety and difference of the
creatures and the glory of His power, in ordering all these differences for the
preservation and good of the whole.
Reason: Secondly, that He might have the more occasion to manifest the
work of His spirit. First, upon the wicked in moderating and restraining
them, so that the rich and mighty should not eat up the poor, nor the poor
and despised rise up against their superiors and shake off their yoke.
Secondly, in the regenerate in exercising His graces in them, as in the great
ones, their love, mercy, gentleness, temperance, etc., in the poor and inferior
sort, their faith, patience, obedience, etc.
Reason: Thirdly, that every man might have need of other, and from hence