Early_China09

Early_China09 - Ancient China Ancient China-Neolithic...

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Unformatted text preview: Ancient China Ancient China-Neolithic Villages 5000-2000 BCE Yangshao -Huang He (Yellow river) – Small villages, frequently built on hills to avoid floods – Practiced slash and burn agriculture – Domesticated dogs and pigs – Sericulture – Kilns and painted pottery (no potter’s wheel) – Burial practices indicate a stratified society • Separated by gender • High percentage of female graves are filled with grave goods – Matriarchal?? Yangshao Culture From Yangshao to Longshan • emerged in north during the Neolithic period (3000-2000 BCE) • Also built homes on hills, surrounded by moat- like ditches • Produced distinctive black pottery using a potter’s wheel • Domesticated sheep,ox,dog and pig • Agriculture in addition to hunting and fishing Black Pottery Culture Tombs of Longshan – tombs for the political heads of the community with a great amount of precious tomb offerings. • laid in a painted wooden coffin • pottery, shamanic symbols of jade, ivory, musical instruments, and weapons. – political leaders were also the religious leaders. Xia Dynasty c. 2205-1766 BCE Problem of myth vs. reality regarding Xia: Discoveries in 1960s and 1970s: urban sites, bronze implements, and tombs – points to the existence of Xia civilization in the same locations cited in ancient Chinese historical texts....
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Early_China09 - Ancient China Ancient China-Neolithic...

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