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Unformatted text preview: Juan Pesantez H IST 101 11/22/10 Exam I I I (Chapters 8-12) In America, significant changes took place during the 1700s and 1800s, which allowed to the diversification of political parties throughout the Articles of Confederation. Furthermore, the need to organize the west territories, gave the country the creation of the Ordinances, which organized territory of the United States out of the region south of the Great Lakes , north and west of the Ohio River , and east of the Mississippi River . Also, the market revolution is one of the main subjects during this period, which carries several factors to its existence, such as: the cotton trade expansion, transportation system (Erie Canal, and railroads), the invasion of the telegraph, and the creation and improvement of the Postal System. After independence was declared in July 1776, many of Americas best political minds turned to draw up constitutions for their individual states. All the revolutionaries agreed that the people not a king or a few privileged aristocrats- should rule, thus, they thought that republican governments were best suited to small territories. They believed that the new United States was too extensive and its people too diverse to be safely consolidated into a single national republic. 1 The revolutionaries concluded that a federation of small state republics would stand a far better chance of enduring. They came to this idea because they wanted to change form the bad experiences America went through before its independence, when the abuse of authority by the king and his appointed official took control over its people who finally rebelled against their authoritarian government in order to gain their independence. To ensure that the executive could never again threaten popular liberty, the new states either accorded almost no power to their governors. With all power granted to popular assemblies, a majority of voter within a state could do whatever they wanted without having to ask the permission of governors of courts, which opened the door for legislatures. Now, that people had power, they insisted on written state constitutions, which would support and put limits between rulers and ruled. These written constitutions were a collection of parliamentary laws, customs, and precedents, which Americans believed, needed to be a written code that would stand apart from and above government. In July 1776, Congress appointed a committee to draft a constitution for a national government which led to the approval of the first national constitution in November 1777; however it took four more years, in February 1781, for all of the states to ratify the validity of the Articles of Confederation ....
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