Final HIST 101 gastil

Final HIST 101 gastil - Juan Pesantez HIST 101 12/17/10...

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Juan Pesantez HIST 101 12/17/10 Final Exam HIST 101 Part I 1. In the Old South between 1820 and 1860, there were different cultures and social classes, and there were also a slavery system that was the most important keys to form the South. The cotton industry was very important in the U.S. economy after the War of 1812. The high demand of textile industry raised the prices of cotton, and the white southerners went to the lands of the old Southwest to make huge profits. In the South almost all slaves worked in the agricultural sector. On large plantations, a few slaves were domestic servants, carpenters, or bricklayers. In the South slavery was a system that controlled slaves working in plantations, the slave force represented an enormous capital investment, worth more than all the land in the Old South. In addition, of the 8 million white southerners, only about a quarter either owned slaves or were members of slaveowning families. Most slaveowners owned only a few slaves. A planter back there, was the person who owned 20 or more slaves, only about 1 out of every 30 white southerners belonged to families of the planter class. The upper-class southern white women, once she was married, she became the lord of the plantation. She then had great responsibilities in the plantation, such as: nursing the sick, making clothing, tending, the garden, caring for the poultry, and overseeing every aspect of food. She supervised and planned the work of the domestic servants.
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The Yeoman Farmers in the South were white farm families who owned no slaves and farmed 80 to 160 acres, and about 80 percent owned their own land. They raised corn, hogs, gales cotton, and tobacco. Yeoman families lacked the wealth of planters, but they had a pride and dignity that earned them the respect of their richer neighbors. The poor whites of the South, also called “crackers”, or “white trash”, were confined to land that no one else wanted. They lived in rough, windowless log cabins located in the remotest areas and were often squatters without title to the land they were on. Men spent time hunting and fishing, whereas women did the domestic work and some farming. Circumstances made their poverty difficult to escape. They were illiterate, and suffered from malnutrition. 4. There were unmanageable forces that caused the Civil War in the U.S. which were the result of two very different groups of people who looked at the slavery system in completely different perspectives. The United States was a country very united in terms of the revolution in markets, which improved transportation networks; it increased sophisticated networks and systems of credit and finance. However this specialized economic did not bring enough unity to the country. For the North, specialization meant more factories, more cities and towns, and a higher percentage of urban workers. Industry affected Midwestern farmers as well.
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2010 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Palomar.

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Final HIST 101 gastil - Juan Pesantez HIST 101 12/17/10...

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