IR4 - The rise and evolution of the EU Federalism Vs....

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The rise and evolution of the EU Federalism Vs. Functionalism : This argument began at the start of the EU and still exists today after the introduction of the CFSP and EFDP. Functionalism is the installment approach to integration, incrementally integrating certain policy areas into the EU as and when problems arise. This is the approach most favored by leaders not in favor of a constitution. Although this approach is practical because they need only pay lip service to a policy until it becomes a problem, it is a slow and inefficient route to integration. However, as federalists viewed things, the EU certainly feels short of their desired goal. In contrast, Federalism is more of a nation state approach. Federalism is the idea of Altiero Spinelli, an anti fascist and European federalist who co-drafted the Ventolene Manifesto in 1941, calling for a free and united Europe and the immediate creation of a constitution. In his mind, the whole concept of nation states was dangerous, because fascism naturally occurs from capitalism. Federalism is efficient because the path to integration is mapped out, and it also preserves democracy, since the path to integration is democratically agreed on by each member state. Spinelli also felt that a United States of Europe would be far more responsive to crises, rather than co-coordination between the various individual states.
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2010 for the course IR 365 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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