IRStudy2 - KOHL(lecture 9/13 Dinan 104 Kohl had strong...

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KOHL: (lecture 9/13, Dinan 104) Kohl had strong, although complex and somewhat ambiguous political views, focusing on economic matters and on international politics. Chancellor of Germany 1982-1998 (of West Germany b/w 1982-90 and of reunited Germany b/w 1990-98) o Main architect of German Unification but was voted out of office in 1998 dissatisfaction with German economic performance a. The EU’s most influential leader- He was named Honorary Citizen of Europe by the European heads of state or government for his extraordinary work for European integration and cooperation primarily with Mitterand in Maastricht (created EU). The European Council took up the 1985 white paper and the Dooge Report in June 1985 – taking a coordinated position, Mitterrand and Kohl urged major institutional reform June 1988: Primed by Delors, pressed by Mitterrand, with Kohl’s support, the European Council decided to instruct a committee, chaired by Delors and made up of primarily of national central banker presidents, to “study and propose concrete changes” that could result in EMU- European Monetary Union o Advocate and obsessed even through weak German political leadership and major misgivings in the EU since late 80s o Believed EMU essential for Germany’s and Europe’s political and economic welfare o Credited for launching the Euro German Unification: 1989 Kohl sought to assuage restive neighboring states when he proclaimed that “the future architecture of Germany must be fitted into the future architecture of Europe as a whole” – he failed to reassure all of his EC colleagues: Mitterrand became anxious o A resounding victory for Kohl’s Democratic Christian Party in the 1 st free elections in East Germany (March 1990), signaled the prospect of imminent unification and quickened the momentum for deeper European integration o A major Franco-German initiative came in April 1990 when Kohl and Mitterrand publicly linked the need “to accelerate the political construction” of the EC to recent developments in Central and Eastern Europe as well as to moves already under way to achieve EMU – this was striking evidence of the importance of Franco-German leadership at a critical stage in EU history o April 1990: EC leaders discussed preparations for the intergovernmental conference on EMU and the possibility of a parallel conference on other issues – Kohl and Mitterrand identified 4 essential objectives: stronger democratic legitimacy; more efficient institutions; unity and coherence of economic, monetary, and poetical action; and a common foreign and security policy Sign: Kohl’s defeat after 16 yrs as chancellor was the most dramatic change in leadership at the end of a decade that saw the departure of nearly every key player in the EU Economically, Kohl's political views and policies were influenced by Reagan's and Thatcher’s free market beliefs like reform of the welfare state and lowering taxation. In international politics Kohl was committed to European integration maintaining close relations with the French president Mitterrand. Parallel to this he was committed to German Reunification. Although he continued
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