IRStudy5 - Integration(Lindbergs criteria The European...

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Integration (Lindberg’s criteria) The European Union Ch 12, 151-62 ‘is the process whereby nations forgo the desire and ability to conduct foreign and key domestic policies independently of each other, seeking instead to make joint decisions or to delegate the decision-making process to supra-national governing level o Lindberg states that these are preconditions for process to occur in shared decision-making (sharing and delegating) 1) ‘Central institutions and policies must develop’ (156) ‘New central institutions help “precipitate unity”; political groups’ (151). 2) ‘The tasks assigned to these institutions must be important enough and specific enough to activate socioeconomic processes to which conventional int’l organizations have no access’ (156) 3) ‘These tasks must be inherently expansive’ (156) & 4) ‘Member states must continue to see their interest as consistent with the enterprise’ (156) Role of “spillover” is essential; “propels integration forward as cooperation in one area spills over into other areas” although Lindberg does not argue that spillover is inevitable. (151) & ‘the process whereby political actors in several distinct settings are persuaded to shift their expectations and political activities to a new center’ (155). o Relationship between perceptions/behavior of political actors such as ‘high policy makers, civil servants, parliamentarians interest-group leaders and other elites’ (155) and governmental decision-making is closely linked o He states that gov’t policy-makers and civil servants are involved increasingly and attend meetings of experts, draft plans, and participate in an over-all joint decision-making pattern. o Actors must ‘restructure their “expectations and activities” in response to integration’ (151) Sign: criteria The probability of violence given a conflict situation the frequency of conflicts between any given number of organizations in a given span of time the number of compatible policy conditions the degree of interdependency between n given organizations the number and significance of interlocking communications systems or structures extent to which membership overlaps
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Historical development of the EU & Major Treaties Development of the EU began to form at the end of WWII and stemmed from security issues o Wanted to ensure peace and reconstruct economy/infrastructure o Had to form sense of interdependence to ensure that no war would occur in the future o Problem: Terms were made but weren’t strong enough to keep German nationalism down and from rising again o Post-WWII era US offered Marshall Aid to include Germany in EU; evidence of transatlantic relationship from the beginning Wanted to make Germany relevant and include it in Europe but also did not want to make them a hegemonic power again.
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