IRStudy6

IRStudy6 - Difference between the EU and other IOs and EU...

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Difference between the EU and other IOs and EU vs. a nation-state States are the primary actors in the global system o World divided among 200 states o Is a legal entity o Fixed territory o Sovereignty o Legally and politically independent o It has legitimacy (recognized by others states) IO cooperation among states on matters of mutual interest o No autonomous power o No authority to impose o Some have national governments as members like UN, WTO and NATO o Others consist of national non-government organizations like Sony, Dutch/Shell or Wal-Mart. o Other consists on interest groups that cooperate to pursue collectively goals like Red Cross, Amnesty International and Friends of the Earth. o They can be Intergovernmental where government take part in the work of IO o Membership voluntary o They lack of power to raised taxes, so they depend on member’s contributions o They don’t have independent powers o They don’t have the power to enforce decisions. o They only pressure can be moral or the thread of have their membership suspended or terminated EU build to make a permanent state of peace after WWII EU is more than a typical IO but is not a European superstate o Voluntary association o Taxing abilities limited and its revenues small o Has few compelling powers of enforcement o Its institutions have little independence o Its senior official are appointed (EU commissioners or judges on the European Court of Justice) or holding ex officio positions (member of the Council of Ministers) o Its Institutions have the power to make laws and policies where the members have ceded or transferred authority to the EU o EU law overrides national Law o Decisions are reached using qualify majority voting system, weighted according their population size o In some areas like Trade, EU can negotiate in behalf of its members. Also in some areas like Agriculture, environment and competition. o Countries work with the EU institutions rather than with the government o Europeanization: the process by which laws and policies in the member states are brought into alignment with the EU law and policy o Supra-nationalism: form of cooperation which results in the creation of a new level of authority that is autonomous, above the state, and has power of coercion that are independent of those of its member states. Rise above individual state interest Makes decisions on the basis shared or cumulative interest of the whole o European Council and the Council of Ministers are more intergovernmental They are meeting places for the representatives of the government of the EU member states. Decision reached as result of compromised based on competing national positions. o
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IRStudy6 - Difference between the EU and other IOs and EU...

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