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Unformatted text preview: Debate over democratic deficit • Gap between the power of the EU institutions and the ability of citizens to influence them • Gap between the powers of the Commission and Council and the Parliament • Triggered by the end of the “permissive consensus” o With the founding of Europe, there was an understanding that citizens took integration for granted… permissive consensus from the citizens The ideas of integration did not really have much to do with citizens daily life o This lasted until the 2000s, after the 2000s, the integrative movement begins to impact more and more the daily lives of European citizens No more permissive consensus from the citizens, the citizens must be clued in and play a role in influencing policy • Arguments as to the causes of the Democratic deficit • European parliament has a limited role in foreign policy o Many have said that when it comes to security and foreign policy, there must be some secrecy and immediacy to be preserved in these matters Most times national parliaments don’t have much to do with foreign policy Why should Europaen parliament be involved? o CFSP is still supposed to be intergovernmental • Lifestyles of the MEP (high salaries, moving around a lot between the three cities, fancy dinners, corruption) core reputation for the MEP (members of the European Parliament) o Poor public opinion of the MEP, tend to be young/old/failed politicians o If they are younger, they are just using the MEP to be a stepping stone to bigger and better o Old and want a couple more years as a politicians • Elections- low voter turnout 43% o Reasons why it was so low, citizens feel that the Parliament is just a second order contest o Second to the national parliaments o For the most part, citizens vote in the European parliament to air out their displeasure with the National government, if there is opposition to a national government, citizens will often go to the European elections to protest • Domestic leaders don’t discuss EU issues o Domestic leaders fear that there is enough polarizing people don’t want to introduce more EU issues that could make people against them o Could stem from a knowledge deficit in the populace Many think that the EU budget goes only to administrative running of the EU Not many in Europe know the way the EU institutions work • Counter argument that there is no democratic deficit • 48% trust the EU, however only 34% trust their national governments • The EU is actually more trustworthy than the national government, 35% trust their national parliament • When you look at the EU on its own, its easier to be critical o The EU is not facing a legitimacy crisis greater than any national government • A lot of data shows that the way the EU works is more democratically run than some national institutions, studies show that the procedures are more democratic • There is a European identity, European demographic surveys show that people associate themselves as Europe, this supports...
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2010 for the course IR 365 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at USC.
- Spring '08