IRStudy8

IRStudy8 - European Diplomatic Service- intended as a...

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European Diplomatic Service- intended as a diplomatic corps that will oversee not only Europe's huge aid and humanitarian budget but also relations with countries around the world The Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force on 1 December 2009, creates a new European diplomatic service o A President of the European Council appointed for a renewable term of two and a half years. o A High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy . In November 2009, the European Council appointed Catherine Ashton to this post. In this capacity she chairs the Foreign Affairs Council . Catherine Ashton is also a Vice-President of the European Commission , ensuring the consistency and coordination of the EU's external action. o Integrates the European Commission's foreign representations into a network of embassies representing the EU. At the head of this will be the EU's high representative for foreign affairs and security policy who will also be a European Commission Vice-President. o include 130 existing commission delegations staffed by: Commission officials European Council Secretariat National civil servants. Formed of 6 departments which constitute pillars of the service: o Budget and personnel o Global affairs such as climate change, human rights and the promotion of democracy o Relations with multilateral bodies, such as the UN or G20 , and legal/consular affairs o Relations with accession and neighboring countries (including Russia , Central Asia and the Middle East ) o Relations with industrialized countries such as the United States , Canada , Mexico , China , Japan , South Korea and Australia . o Relations with developing countries such as those in Latin America , Africa , Asia and the Pacific Ocean . Also includes departments for: o Security o strategic policy planning o legal affairs o inter-institutional relations o information and public diplomacy o internal audit and inspections o personal data protection Sign: Under the rotating presidency system the current president’s country became the main country representing the EU abroad in foreign ministries. Now the EU has set up its own delegations throughout the world independent of states individual delegations. Schengan signed by the governments of France, Germany and the Bernelux states in 1985 all borders were removed among signatory countries (all 27 EU states have now signed agreement) o but not all have introduced truly passport free travel Ex. Britain has claimed special circumstances since it is an island state Ex. Ireland has to follow suit because it has a passport union with Britain (McCormick p. 59)
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Extension of the agreement to Eastern Europe was slowed by concerns about weaknesses in the management of the EU’s external borders in the east o Investment in training of border police, improvement of border controls lead to the integration of more member states (McCormick p. 146-147) There are 25 European countries that are party to the Schengen agreement, which
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2010 for the course IR 365 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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IRStudy8 - European Diplomatic Service- intended as a...

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