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IRStudy10 - Athena Mechanism: In February 2004, The EU...

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Athena Mechanism: In February 2004, The EU Council established The Athena Mechanism to administer the common costs of running and operating EU military/ defense missions. Athena has a permanent structure and legal capacity. The Athena Mechanism is under the authority of the Special Committee, which is composed of representatives from various contributing states. The Special Committee approves Athena’s national budget It can decide that certain expenditures, that are usually paid on an individual basis, be paid for in common for special operations. Within the Special Committee there are many roles: Administrator: appointed by the Security General of the Council, represents Athena’s permanent executive authority, draws up and drafts the budget to the Special Committee. Operation Commander: Sends the administrator proposals for common operational costs. Also implements appropriations according to these costs Accounting Officer: The Athena Mechanism funds 2 types of operations for the most part. Conventional EU military warfare Military supporting actions (these are decided by the Council) in support of a third party organization. For example: EU support to the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) which ran from June ’05 to Dec. ’07 During the preparatory phase of an operation, Athena finances the costs for transports and accommodation necessary for exploratory missions and preparations (in-particular-finding missions) by military forces. During the active phase of an operation (which begins once the Operation Commander is appointed) Athena finances most incremental costs for the Operation, Force, and Component Headquarters as well as incremental costs for infrastructure and additional equipments (if necessary. ..). For each individual operation, the council decides if transportation of forces and lodging will be financed in common or not (so far, the transportation of forces has always been financed individually) So far, the council has adopted a relatively restricted list of which costs can and cannot be considered to paid in common, so most expenditures are paid by individual member states on the basis of “costs where they fall” principle. What are the Effects of Athena? Step towards sharing the financial burden of external operations Strengthened EU integration in the realm of defense Most of the costs are paid by those who actually participate in the operations This makes some states reluctant to play a more active part in force generation The countries with the most technologically advanced/ most capable armies are most often called upon Under the Lisbon Treaty, military operations are still excluded from Community funding and are only funded through Athena (or by member states individually) Expanded: How does the EU pay for CSDP? -Civilian
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IRStudy10 - Athena Mechanism: In February 2004, The EU...

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