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Unformatted text preview: Internal security cooperation AND transatlantic relationship (see Kaunert chapter, terrorism, intelligence, in what areas do the EU AND US cooperate on internal security?) Also Occhipinti article on blackboard. Readings and Lectures for Nov 1& 3rd Passenger name record agreement 2003 o After 9/11 due to a call for greater airline security. o US governments required airlines to share passenger data with DHS (homeland) authorities before take off from or transiting through the US Occhipinti: EU based air carriers faced the choice of violating this law which could bring sanctions from Commission or face stiff American fines and the possible denial of landing rights US wanted greater parameter or data than EU Police and law enforcement o Europol- strategic and technical personal data of suspected criminals o Both US and EU see value in creating liaison relationship with foreign partners and wider international information sharing to fight cross border crime and terrorism since 9/11 and Madrid in EU Terrorist financing o Freezing Terrorist Financing Travel documents: biometric passports, visa waiver program (27 countries exempt from biometric scanner) all EU met goal in 2006 o This problem stemmed when the US changed its requirements for passports and visa-free travel because of new American border management program known as U.S. VISIT. o Aimed at inhibiting potential terrorists entering the US legally o Meant citizens of most EU member states carrying newly issued passports would need visas for travel to the US unless passports met the new US standarsd Judicial cooperation (policy convergence) o EU seeking way for its citizens to be able to use American courts to address potential abuses of their personal data by US law enforcement authorities as 13 th point in umbrella agreement Impact of 9/11 Despite overarching transatlantic tension in the wake of 9/11, transatlantic internal security cooperation has grown dramatically o Bolstering of areas of cooperation aforementioned o Threat of homegrown terrorism in EU The more the EU integrates its counterterrorism efforts, the easier it is for the US to rely on the EU as a partner...
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2010 for the course IR 365 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at USC.
- Spring '08