4B - tried editing it as much as possible but cant

4B - tried editing it as much as possible but cant -...

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European Neighborhood Policy In 2004 the European Neighborhood Policy was launched, encouraging a relationship that the EU describes as privileged with the goal of promoting democracy, human rights, the rule of law, good governance, and market economics. 16 countries are targeted (McCormick 206). It is meant to enhance security around Europe by making sure that the countries that share a border with Europe are secure and have an incentive to cooperate and help Europe. Much of this incentive comes from foreign monetary and physical aid in terms of personnel. It should be noted that neighborhood policy does not qualify a nonmember state for eventual EU membership, however some of the countries aspire to join the EU. Also it should be noted that the only similarity between these countries is the border they share with the EU, which is the principal reason the EU has created this policy. However secondary reasons include integration to establish a better world (for the greater good) as well as future and some current economic benefits from collaboration (Dinan 534). As a result of this policy trade has increased significantly, economic assistance has increased 36%, and the EU has a postmodern actor status (class notes). Eastern Partnership The Eastern Partnership is separate from the European Neighborhood Policy in that it focuses on countries with special interest to the EU. The EU wants to influence these countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and the Ukraine) with their norms. It was launched in Prague in May 2009 so it is very recent and the successes have not yet been seen to its full effect (class notes). As it was launched so recently there is nothing from any of the books about it. However the European Union External Actions website said, “This would imply new association agreements including deep and comprehensive free trade agreements with those countries willing and able to enter into a deeper engagement and gradual integration in the EU economy. It would also allow for easier travel to the EU through gradual visa liberalisation, accompanied by measures to tackle illegal immigration. The Partnership will also promote democracy and good governance, strengthen energy security, promote sector reform and environment protection, encourage people to people contacts, support economic and social development and offer additional funding for projects to reduce socio-economic imbalances and increase stability”. Union for the Mediterranean It used to be called the “Barcelona Process” and it was originally launched in 1995 until 2008 when it was relented under its new name. It includes the 27 EU member states plus 16 partners with political, economic, and social priorities amongst others. It is a bilateral/multilateral initiative (versus the ENP which is mostly bilateral). The work in areas like the depolution of the Mediterranean, solar energy, establishment of highways, civil protection, a Euro-Mediterranean University, and business development
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2010 for the course IR 365 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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