4C - European Neighborhood Policy (11.29.10 Lecture Notes)...

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European Neighborhood Policy (11.29.10 Lecture Notes) The ENP was launched in 2004 to promote closer relations with the countries adjacent to the EU. Prosperity, stability and security in these areas are in the mutual interest of the EU and its neighbors ENP also takes relations beyond standard cooperation or trade agreements to offer political association and deeper economic integration, increased mobility and increased people-to-people contacts. ( http://www.eeas.europa.eu/enp/index_en.htm ) The ENP provides the EU with the means to deepen bilateral relations with these countries. The policy is based upon a mutual commitment to common values: democracy, human rights, the rule of law, good governance and market economics “The European Neighborhood Policy was launched encouraging a relationship with the EU described as ‘privileged’ with the goal of promoting democracy, human rights, the rule of law, good governance and market economics”. (McCormick p. 206) Comprised of bilateral policies o Not a multilateral area o EU has to deal with countries on different terms o 16 closest neighbors are targeted: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, The Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia and Ukraine (McCormick p. 206) Countries wishing to deepen their relationship with the EU agree joint bilateral action plans Eastern Partnership (11.29.10 Lecture Notes) o Launched in Prague in May 2009 o 6 countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine EU protection and benefits are used to see if these countries can be influenced 6 countries’ security, stability and prosperity increasingly impact the EU’s. All these countries through political, social and economic reforms have stated their wish to come closer to the EU. The potential these countries offer for diversifying the EU ( energy supplies is one example) The Partnership will promote o democracy o good governance o strengthen energy security o promote sector reform and environment protection o encourage people to people contacts o support economic and social development o offer additional funding for projects to reduce socio-economic imbalances o increase stability. This would imply new association agreements including o Deep and comprehensive free trade agreements with those countries willing and able to enter into a deeper engagement o Gradual integration in the EU economy. It would also allow for o Easier travel to the EU through gradual visa liberalisation, accompanied by measures to tackle illegal immigration. ( http://www.eeas.europa.eu/eastern/index_en.htm ) Union for the Mediterranean (11.29.10 Lecture Notes) o The Union for the Mediterranean promotes o Economic integration and democratic reform across 16 neighbors to the EU’s south in North Africa and the Middle East. o
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2010 for the course IR 365 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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4C - European Neighborhood Policy (11.29.10 Lecture Notes)...

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